Yes, if it is a force out, as long as the fielder has the ball in his possession (glove or free hand) if he touches the bag before the runner with any part of his body then the runner would be called out.
Now if this was a play that required a tag, and the ball was in his bare hand and the tag is made with the glove, or visa-versa, then the runner is safe
Rule 7.06 of MLB rules state that a fielder, not in possession of the ball or in the act of fielding a batted ball or about to receive a thrown ball, may not impede the progress of a base runner. This includes faking a tag when not having the ball. However, there is no rule against tricking an opponent into leaving a base. It's the runner's responsibility to check with the umpire before doing so.
Yes, as long as the fielder has complete possession of the ball any part of their body touching the base creates a force out.
no! that would be interfering, and you will be out
No, the fielder does NOT have to touch the base before tagging a runner out. The fielder only touches the base on a forced play.
Yes, runner cannot intentionally dislodge ball from fielders glove.
because without one all the runners on base would be able to score on a high pop up on the infield the tag up rule is a compromise between that situation and not allowing the runners to advance at all after a ball is caught
if the umpire thinks the fielder with the glove "has control of" the ball, then runner is out. i can't imagine this happening.
No, As soon as it hits anything other then a player, its a hit. For example, If it hits the bag or the wall or your glove then the wall, its a hit. If it hits someones foot first and then its caught, its a catch
The runner is out as long as the fielder you touches has the ball in his glove
No. To force an out, the defensive player has to touch the runner with the ball or touch the runner with the glove while the ball is in the glove. A thrown ball touching a runner does not count.
The runner would be safe. This is the same as if the ball were dislodged and falls out of the glove.