When a player is on a break-away with no defense between him and the goalie, and he's tripped, hooked, or anything that causes him to lose control and is considered a penalty, he is awarded a penalty shot.
A penalty (short) corner is awarded for: * An accidental offence by a defender within the circle they are defending, which does not prevent the probable scoring of a goal; * A deliberate offence by a defender outside the circle they are defending but within the 23 metre area, against a player with possession of/opportunity to play the ball; * A deliberate offense by a defender within the circle they are defending, against a player who does not have possession of/opportunity to play the ball. * Deliberately playing the ball over the backline by a defender. A penalty (short) corner is reawarded when: * A player or players breaks the line early on a previous penalty (short) corner; * A penalty corner has not finished and a bully would otherwise have been awarded.
When it hit the defenders leg.
The "23 metre" line (actually 22.90 metres overall) defines the defensive zone in field hockey. It is the line at which a fully-padded goalkeeper may not take part in play, and the limit at which a severe penalty can be awarded a penalty corner.
The defending team do a stick tackle or it hits their foot inside their D
If a player fouls an opposing team player in their 'own penalty box' a penalty is awarded
Whenever the ball leaves the sides of the pitch. If the ball leaves the ends of the pitch it will either be a 16 yard hit or a long corner.
Golf:a penalty stroke is a stroke added to a golfer's score for some infraction, for example, out of bounds or into a water obstacle.Field Hockey:a penalty stroke is awarded for serious or deliberate infractions within the shooting circle, or where the infraction prevented the probable scoring of a goal. A Penalty Stroke in field hockey is much like a Penalty in Football (Soccer).
A penalty corner is awarded for:an unintentional foul in the circle by a defending player which does not prevent the probable scoring of a goalan intentional offence inside the circle by a defender on a player who does not have the ball or the possibility of playing itan intentional offence by a defender inside their 23 metres area but outside the circle.or a defender deliberately playing the ball over the backline (there are varying definitions of "deliberate"; the rule specifically excludes a goalkeeper deflecting a shot at goal or an opportunity for a shot).When a penalty corner is awarded only five defending players, usually four defenders and the goalkeeper, are allowed to defend it; the remaining defenders must be beyond the centre-line. They must remain behind the goal/centre line until an attacker injects the ball back into play from a point on the backline at least 10 metres from the goal but within the circle. There is no limit to how many attackers in the team on the field can take part in a penalty corner. The corner is complete when a goal is scored, the ball goes out of play, another penalty corner or a penalty stroke is awarded or the ball travels either 5 metres from the circle or outside it more than once. A goal cannot be scored until the ball has left the circle from the initial injection.In the modern game, they are very good scoring opportunities, and hence are usually looked for by attackers while heavily disputed by defenders.
Depending on the grade, most goals are either field goals or penalty corner conversions. The first are often from within 7 metres, or about the distance of the spot from the goal, and the latter are usually from somewhere directly in front of the goal.
short corner, scoop, slap
A long corner is awarded when the the ball is played unintentionally over the baseline by the defending team. The long corner is then taken from the 25yard line and level with were the ball went off the backline. If the long corner terminology is confusing, it should be as it is no longer taken from the corner of the pitch but at the 25yrd line parallel to the baseline, the position of the long corner free hit has changed but the terminology remains the same.
The opposing team gets a corner.
A corner kick is awarded when the ball completely exits the field across the goal line and was last touched by a defender.