The player who played the shot loses the point.
In foursomes it is quite simple, one player hits the tee shot on the odd holes, the other hits the tee shot on the even holes. Imagine two players A and B. On hole 1- A hits tee shot, B hits 2nd shot, A hits 3rd shot, B hits 4th shot etc. On hole 2- B hits tee shot, A hits 2nd shot, B hits 3rd shot, A hits 4th shot. If A hits the tee shot OB, then B hits the provisional tee shot, then A hits what would be the 4th shot.
One stroke penalty and you must play the ball as it lies.
Yes, it is part of your equipment.
The question is unclear. If you hit your shot and it bounces off the cart path and goes OB then it is unfortunate, you must replay a shot from that position as you would do with any shot that went OB. If you are on the cart path, you should check local rules. Some courses have cart paths as an integral part of the course and the ball must be played off them, if this is the case you can play a shot off them or take a PENALTY drop. If you are allowed relief then you may take nearest point of relief (no nearer the hole) and one club length.
Where i am you can not shoot at a moving vehicle for safety of bystanders.
what happens to Kagome Higurashi when she gets shot in the back!
Yes, it is. If the ball hits the player at anytime there is a two shot penalty, and the ball must be played as it lies.
Tell the barman you asked for a shot of whisky