It is because, when Formula One first started, so that they could see who was in the lead, they connected a mirror to a pole, so they see who was in the lead. this lead to the saying "pole position"
In motor sports, the pole position means that the driver ran the fastest time during qualifying. As a result, the driver will be placed in the very front of the field at the start of the race.
Pole position is the first (front) position on the starting grid. The driver with the fastest qualifying lap gets to start in pole position.
When you qualify in the first position for a NASCAR race.
When a driver qualifies in first position he wins "the pole".
In his career, Jeff Gordon has started from the pole position 72 times in the Nascar Cup Series and 12 times in the Nationwide Series (formerly known as the Busch Series).
During his Nascar Cup Series career, Richard Petty won 61races starting from the pole position.
Jeff Gordon has won 74 pole awards in the Nascar Cup Series.
Nascar holds qualifying a day or two prior to the race and that is how the field is set. The pole winner for that day will start in the first position for the race. If qualifying is cancelled, the field is set by owners points.
Historically, the pole position, which is given to the top qualifier, is the front, inside. However, NASCAR has recently changed their ruling, to allow the top qualifier to choose which position he want, be it front inside, or outside.
Pole Position II happened in 7800.
Pole Position Raceway was created in 2005.