Offensive, defensive, technical, and flagrant. Offensive is when your team has the ball and is trying to score and someone on your team fouls a defensive player. Defensive is the opposite of offensive. Technical is when a player or is being unsportsmanlike to a player, coach, or ref. If you are T'd up (called for a technical foul) twice, you are ejected from the game and may receive fines or suspensions depending on how often you get technical fouls and the reason you got the technical foul. Flagrant is intentionally fouling a player very hard, typically resulting in injury/ies. Examples are stopping a layup by checking someone with your body (imagine Shaquille O'Neal colliding with Steve Nash and think of the impact). If the flagrant foul is bad enough, it can become a flagrant 2. If you get a flagrant 2 you are ejected immediately.
They can be broken up into 2 diffrent catagories, with many in both categories: Offensive: * Charge *Push *Illegal Screen *Hit/Hack *Over the Back *Holding *Technical Defensive: * Blocking *Push *Hold *Hit/Hack *Over the Back *Holding *Technical *Intentional *Flagrent In the NBA, there is a technical foul given to any defensive player whom stays in the lane area under the basket for more than three seconds without making any moves. Also in the NBA, there is a loose ball foul, which is given to any player whom "commits a foul upon the ball." (i.e.-kicking it, throwing it, etc.)
Offensive (charging), Defense, Flagrant (Intentional), Technical (unsportsmanship)
The whistle is blown once and play stops. If the player who is fouled has the ball, they get a free throw. If the player who is fouled is a defender, they are awarded the ball and get a free throw. The referee will point to the player who has the free throw with one arm and the direction of the team with the other. The whistle is blown twice. Play stops, and the player who commits the foul gets ejected for 20 seconds. This usually happens to a defensive player. The referee will point to the player who commits the foul (and blow the whistle), and point to the ejection area (and blow the whistle again). When a player pushes off the side of the pool (or the bottom) "false start" at the beginning of the play holding the ball under water (even if the defensive player is holding your arm down)
they can get 5 or six fouls before leaving the cort
After 5 fouls you are out of the game
i think the avrage is 4 fouls
5 fouls is when a Basketball player will be kicked out of a basketball game due to fouling out.