After 5 team fouls.
Time restrictions occur from fouls, timeouts, half-time, and referee reviews.
you can get a foul for hitting the dribbler's hand, pushing, elbows, when the dribbler is running down court and you stand in front of them by the hoop and they bang into you--that's also a foul, pulling on their arms when their passing or shooting, and and reaching over them to get the ball. In basketball, a foul is an infraction of the rules more serious than a violation. Most fouls occur as a result of illegal personal contact with an opponent and/or unsportsmanlike behavior.
Line fouls can occur when the thrower steps onto or over the line. Sector fouls occur when the javelin does no land inside of the sector lines (on the line is a foul as well). Fouls are also called for unsafe delivery technique including side arm throwing and rotational throwing. These fouls are called primarily for the safety of the athlete(s) Fouls are called when a javelin does not land correctly - for a throw to be legal, the front tip of the javelin must land first. If profanities, inappropriate gestures, or other unacceptable behaviors are displayed by the athlete, the official may call a foul and scratch a competitor's throw.
A foul in basketball can range from two different kinds: offensive and defensive fouls, as well as technical fouls. Offensive fouls are fouls when you are on the offensive end, like pushing someone to the side to shoot or pushing slapping someone on the arm to get to the basket. Defensive fouls are the same, but on the defensive end. Technical fouls are called when you do something improper in basketball. For instance, yelling at the referee, throwing the basketball in the stands, and yelling at other players will result in technical fouls. There are offensive and defensive fouls in basketball. A defensive foul occurs when a defender makes contact with the player in possession. An offensive foul occurs when the player with the ball makes contact with a defender who's arms are inside his body. If an offensive player runs into a defensive player whose position is established (both feet are planted) or the offensive player drops his shoulder or pushes off with his arm, then the contact is deemed an offensive foul (foul against the offensive player) and is usually called a "charge." Flagrant fouls occur when one player grabs another and pulls him down, or a player is injured as a result of a hard foul. Technical fouls include defensive three-second penalties and, at the discretion of the official, when a player or coach exhibits unsportsmanlike conduct. By definition a foul is "when one player gains an illegal advantage over another through physical contact". In layman's terms, physical contact between two players is not illegal. However, if that contact creates an advantage (as in a shot was affected or a player could not move freely to another position on the court) then it is deemed a foul. If you are Thomas Robinson from the University of Kansas apparently all you have to do to be called for a foul is be on the court.
No. Immediately after the foul is committed.
Whether the fouls occur in a half or a full game doesn't alter the outcome. In college and international rules, a player can make 5 fouls before being disqualified from the game. In the NBA and other professional leagues around the world, 6 fouls are allowed. This is due to the longer game time (48 mins as oppose to 40 mins).
All fouls are classified as on the floor fouls, other than technical fouls (which usually occur from unsportsmanlike conduct with a referee or opponent). A standard announcer will say "There is a foul on the floor...." just to start out the announcement. Although there is a difference between a floor foul and a shooting foul. Floor foul results in a change in possession of the ball. Shooting foul result in 2 or 3 free throw shots by the player that was fouled. The number of attempts depends on if the shooter was attempting a 2pt. or 3pt. shot when fouled.
Common fouls are touching the foot, hacking, touching the back-stick, not being 5 metres and obstruction/interference. Others occur less often, such as the ball entering the circle directly (a new rule), deliberately clearing the ball over the backline, a goalkeeper using something other than the stick outside the circle, intimidation, manufacturing an offence and dissent. Some almost never happen; exam
Players call their own fouls so they can occur at anytime. When a foul does occur play is stopped, people stay right where they were, person throwing the disc gets is back, and play resumes as if nothing happened.