No, not that I ever heard of. It maybe if you are talking to the free throw shooter.
When the shooter release theball
None. If the shooter has his foot in (on) the free-throw line, the shot is disallowed and considered a missed free throw.
There is a 58% chance they are going to miss.
If you pass the free throw line when shooting you will be called for a line violation.
It's a lane violation if the ball has not yet touched the rim. the penalty is forfeit of the shot. in peewee through colllege, the shooter, his teammates, and their opponents cannot step on or over the line either. In NBA, the shooter's teammates and opponents can step both on and over the line as soon as the ball leaves the shooter's hands, but the sooter must wait until it touches the rim.
No, it's just a turnover and the other team will get the ball.