No you've gotta have the ball
Yes the bench can call time out as long as their team is in possession of the ball
A coach can only call time out when his team has the ball, he cannot call it once the other team has it. A player can also call time out.
yes. but only on a dead ball. You can't call a defensive time out when the ball is in play.
Anytime the team possesing the ball wants to as long as they have time outs left.
Generally speaking, no. The rules change a little from place to place, but in most professional basketball leagues all players on the court can call a time-out if theur team is in posetion of the ball.
As far as college ball and the NBA are concerned, a team may call a time out when they are in possession of the ball or during a dead ball. A team may not call time out when they are on defense.
a jump ball is called
Call a time out.
The game has been known as basketball since its invention in 1891. It was named basketball because the object of the game was to shoot a ball (at the time of the game's invention, a soccer ball was used) into a peach basket. Hence, basketball.