it is a taylor made golf shaft that has a smaller dia at the bottom of the grip .
No, a golf shaft will fit both right and left handed clubs.
Do you mean Fujikura? If so, then yes, Fujikura make some of the best golf shafts in Golf.
Nothing it is a brand of shaft, the specs in all shafts differ
Yes you can as long as you never change your shaft again.
Hosel is the the socket (or neck) in the head of a golf club into which the shaft is inserted.
Reshaft it with the proper length shaft, you local golf shop or professional should be able to do it for you easily and cheaply.
Selecting the right shaft can make or break your game. If you are not using the shaft that is fitted for you, you could be hurting your game. For a detailed answer on how shafts work, you can go to the link below. I suggest you go to a golf professional and have them fit you for a shaft.
There is not a lot of difference . . . only in the name.
Golf Cart Input Shafts are like parts of the golf cart that's need to be overhauled.