You don't drop unless it lands in the water or you can't find it. Double hitting is when you take a shot and the club hits the ball twice. Usually, you get a 1 shot penalty in most cases.
A strock in golf is called a shot
Best Shot Pro Golf happened in 1996.
You have two options: You can take a 1 shot penalty and replay the ball from where you originally hit it; or you can take a 1 shot penalty and drop it behind the hazard as far as you want.
In golf, out of bounds balls must be replayed from the designated drop area (with a penalty, of course). So, no, you can't move an out of bounds stake to hit a shot.
A 'Chip Shot' or a 'Pitch Shot'
Best Shot Pro Golf was created on 1996-06-14.
In golf, the drop zone is usually indicated on par 3 holes where there is a water hazard, or some other hazard between the tee and the green. You may elect to play from that drop zone, or you may re-tee and play from the teeing area. One shot penalty is incurred in either case.
A second chance at your first shot in golf is referred to as a "mulligan". Of course, it is not within the Rules of Golf, but weekend players do it all the time.