Happens when a foul is committed inside the penalty area. (e.g. bad tackle or handball).
It is a foul, and a direct free kick is given.
when a foul is committed in volleyball that team/side losses that point and gives the other side the serve.
A foul is an offense that is normally punishable by a direct free kick, is committed against an opponent, on the field, and during active play.
There is no such thing as disqualifying a foul in soccer. However, the referee may choose not to call a foul because it is trifling, because the referee is not certain that a foul was committed, or because the team offended by the infraction would gain an advantage by allowing play to continue.
A foul can only be committed by a player, against an opponent, on the field of play, and while the ball is in play. A substitute is not a player and cannot commit a foul.
It would depend on who committed the foul. A foul committed by a defender, against an attacker, in the penalty area is a penalty kick for the attackers. A foul committed by an attacker, against a defender, in the penalty area is a direct free kick for the defense.
A foul cannot occur if the ball is not in play. Misconduct can and would result in a caution or a send off.
Free kicks are when a foul is committed, and the team that is victim to the tackle gets a free shot or cross on goal with opposing players getting to block it and the goal keeper still in goal, while it happens where the foul took place.
Then there would just be a personal foul and the team that got fouled would keep possession.
you get a penalty foul and potential yellow card