Happens when a foul is committed inside the penalty area. (e.g. bad tackle or handball).
It is a foul, and a direct free kick is given.
when a foul is committed in volleyball that team/side losses that point and gives the other side the serve.
A foul is an offense that is normally punishable by a direct free kick, is committed against an opponent, on the field, and during active play.
There is no such thing as disqualifying a foul in soccer. However, the referee may choose not to call a foul because it is trifling, because the referee is not certain that a foul was committed, or because the team offended by the infraction would gain an advantage by allowing play to continue.
A foul can only be committed by a player, against an opponent, on the field of play, and while the ball is in play. A substitute is not a player and cannot commit a foul.
It would depend on who committed the foul. A foul committed by a defender, against an attacker, in the penalty area is a penalty kick for the attackers. A foul committed by an attacker, against a defender, in the penalty area is a direct free kick for the defense.
A foul cannot occur if the ball is not in play. Misconduct can and would result in a caution or a send off.
Then there would just be a personal foul and the team that got fouled would keep possession.
Free kicks are when a foul is committed, and the team that is victim to the tackle gets a free shot or cross on goal with opposing players getting to block it and the goal keeper still in goal, while it happens where the foul took place.