A brig or a bark.
Some of the earliest sailing ships were merely rafts, as proven by Thor Heyerdahl with the "Kon Tiki" in 1947.
Wooden sailing ships.
A Clipper was the fastest of all sailing ships.For a sailing ships to be faster draught of that ship must be low.Other fast-sailing ships are:CarrackCaravelSloopSchoonerBrigBrigandineBarque
they were called Sailing Ships
That would be our clipper ships, sailor!
First were sailing ships, THEN steam ships.
They were called shipwrights
It is called navigation
Sailing ships had rudders at the stern.
The Portuguese designed a class of small, maneuverable sailing ship called a caravel.