Yes. If the ball is kicked to them or thrown-in to them directly from a team-mate. If the goal keeper releases the ball from their hands they cannot pick it back up again until another player touches it.
You get a penalty when you are fouled inside the opposing team's penalty/goalkeeper's box.
No. It doesn't matter where the goalkeeper is.The ballmust be in the penalty area (on the line is inside) for the keeper to touch it.
As long as the ball is inside their penalty area a goal keeper may handle the ball. The position of the ball is important. The position of the goal keeper is not.
When a penalty kick is taken, only the kicker, the goalkeeper, the referee, and one assistant referee are allowed to be inside the penalty area.
Penalty kicks are when an offensive player is fouled inside the penalty box. Then a player from that team will kick the ball from the penalty spot. Only the goalkeeper and the kicker are allowed inside the penalty box at the time of the kick. The goalkeeper must stay on the goal line until the ball is kicked. The ball must go completely over the line for the goal to count.
The purpose of the penalty arc is to ensure that, when a player takes a penalty kick, his teammates and opponents stay ten yards away from him at all times. While the goalkeeper has the ball in his possession, no player is allowed within the penalty arc until the keeper releases the ball.
if it was not a pass back then he's allowed
Yes. The only times other players aren't permitted in the penalty box are on the goalkeeper's goal kicks and on penalty kicks.
it is not a handball as long as the ball is inside the penalty box.
The main differences are that a penalty is only taken from the penalty spot inside the box, and a free kick is taken from where the offence took place, and can happen anywhere on the pitch unless it was a penalty. The opposition is allowed to put up a wall of players to defend the free kick, in a penalty it is only the penalty taker against the goalkeeper.
The ball position is all that matters.
The penalty area is an 18 yard deep and 44 yard wide rectangle centered in front of the goal at either end of an Association Football pitch. This is the only area in which a defending goalkeeper may handle the ball. If a defending player commits a direct free kick offense within this area, the attacking team is awarded a penalty kick instead of a direct free kick. There is a smaller area, 6 yards deep and 20 yards wide, called the goal area, inside of the penalty area.