Bob Waterfield did it in 1945 as a rookie from UCLA. He was with the Rams at the time (they had just moved from Cleveland to LA) and they won the NFL title game against the Washington Redskins 15-14. Sammy Baugh of the Washington Redskins also did this.
No rookie starting quarterback has ever taken their team to the Super Bowl. Four rookie quarterbacks have made the Championship game (Joe Flacco, Ben Roethlisberger, Mark Sanchez, Shaun King) but all have failed to lead their respective teams to the NFL's promised land.
No rookie quarterback has ever started in a Super Bowl game.
Giants and Redskins
Only two quarterbacks have started for the Denver Broncos in Super Bowls -- Craig Morton (Super Bowl XII) and John Elway (XXI, XXII, XXIV, XXXII and XXXIII).
Washington Redskin Quarterbacks who have won Super Bowl Rings are:Joe Theismann - Super Bowl XVIIDoug Williams - Super Bowl XXIIMark Rypien - Super Bowl XXVI