Yes the certainly do. Not all as the wearing of a "gum sheild"is not mandatory
15 on-field and usually 7 reserves (professional rugby)
At the moment, none. Rugby League Women players just begun playing rugby. Not like men, who have been playing at the start
Usually you wear a rugby jersey, rugby shorts, rugby socks and boots. Some people like myself wear headgear and 99.999% of people wear mouth guards
I'm afraid that women rugby players do not get paid, therefore they are not professional as it seems they do not command a large enough audience. They are allowed to claim expenses but must do it for the love of the game & country.
yes. female rugby union is still only semi-professional, if that. The England Womens Rugby Union team all have other jobs as well as playing for England.
There were no league players in this year as League did not formally split with the UNION until 1893
from the AGm results for 2011 there appears to be 3000 players registered
Toulouse is famous for its Rugby team, which plays in the professional league without having professional players.
There is no standard age, however you rarely see a professional rugby player over the age of 35-40.
Yes it used to be optional but now it is mandatory.
There are about 4.5 million players registered with over 18,000 teams, leagues, and unions (junior, senior, and professional).