No , the pawn may not move backwards .
Until a pawn is promoted to a queen, rook, bishop or knight, it cannot move backwards.
No. Pawns cannot move backwards.
Only the pawn cannot move backwards. All the others can.
No , the pawn moves forward in a straight line unless when capturing an opponent's chessmen diagonally or by 'En Passant' .
Moves in chess are determined by the nature of the pieces and the spaces available for a legal move. Any chess piece can move backwards except for the pawn - and even the pawn can move backwards in a sense, if it reaches the back of the board and is promoted.
No - pawns only move forward - except when capturing a piece. They're not allowed to move laterally.
In the game of checkers, a kinged pawn may be moved like a normal pawn, but can move in any direction, forwards or backwards, side to side, as long as the move is diagonal. ----InfoMac
The only piece in chess that is categorically not allowed to move backwards towards their own side is the pawn. Every other piece can move either away or towards their opponent in a number of idiosyncratic ways.