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It's basic physics and depends on the speed of the swing, the mass of the bat,(kinetic energy) and the angle at which the ball was hit. The direction the ball travels largely depends on whether the swing was early or late (angle change) but you must also consider ball rotation, wind speed (and the occasional Simply put lets say the ball was thrown at a tremendous speed and therefore had more kinetic energy then your swing. It would then be you and your bat changing speed and direction instead of the ball.

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Q: Why are the speed and direction of a ball changed when a batter hits the ball?
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