What are some Tae Kwon Do terms?

Updated: 9/27/2023
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13y ago

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Taekwondo instructors often use Korean terms in class. Here are a few of the more common:

  • Charyeot차렷 Attention
  • Gyeong rye 경례 敬禮 Bow
  • Baro 바로 Return
  • Swieo 쉬어 At ease, relax
  • Kihap 기합 氣合 Yell
  • Junbi 준비 準備 Ready
  • Sijak 시작 始作 Begin, start
  • Gallyeo 갈려 Break (separate)
  • Gyesok 계속 繼續 Continue
  • Guman 그만 Finish (stop)
  • Dwiro dora 뒤로 돌아 Turn around (about turn)
  • Haesan í•´ì‚° 解散 Dismiss

See the related link for TKD terms.
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13y ago
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13y ago

If someone yells that could mean go. Attention is chah-reot. At ease is shi-uh. Bow is kyeong-neh. End id Bah-ro. Ready is june-bee. Start is she-jahk. Stop is keu-mahn.

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11y ago

The answer to this question depends on which set of forms your instructor teaches. This is often influenced by what organization (if any) your school belongs to.


The forms of Taekwondo are the prearranged sets of movements that are memorized for solo practice, health and conditioning, mind body coordination, preliminary stage of unarmed self defense training against multiple imaginary attackers, and a method of testing the students for promotion from one grade to the next. Each organization has different forms that are approved for their chosen curriculum. Some of the Korean terms used to describe the practice of forms are "tul," "Hyung," and "Pumsae" (or "Poomsae").


This type of structured exercise was borrowed by Korean Martial Artists in the 1940's and 50's from the Japanese Karate forms practice known as Kata. Although the framework, and basic methodology is similar, the use of forms for the predominately kicking methods of Taekwondo have been drastically changed in its interior workings to fit the core differences in Taekwondo's power, stances, and tactical application of the Korean Art.

Major organizations and name of forms

(note: Some schools use one, two, or three beginner forms called "Gicho" (or "Kicho") which means "base" or "foundation.")

KukkiwonThe kukkiwon is the world headquarters for taekwondo in Seoul, South Korea. Schools associated with the kukkiwon usually teach the taegeuk poomsae for color belts, and Dan poomsae for Black Belts. The taegeuk poomsae is a system of eight forms in a series, with each form being called a "Jang," and are numbered from 1st form (Il jang) to 8th form (pal jang). These forms start at the 8th geup, which is usually the yellow belt and above. (However, the order and number of color belts also varies between Taekwondo organizations, thus the grade number is the most relevant). If your school has more than eight belt levels, then your instructors may choose a form they feel is best suited for the beginner, such as kicho hyung (base form), or he/she may not use any form for white belts, but rather a set demonstration of stationary techniques, or randomly assigned kicks and punches for test purposes.

[note: The Taegeuk Pumsae replaced the Palgwe forms as the official forms of the Kukkiwon and WTF. The Palgwe replaced the earlier Pyong An series which were a variation of the Pinan forms from Okinawan "te" ("hand" fighting) origin but the older forms are still used by some schools.]

These are the 17 official forms of the kukkiwon. The first 8 are for geup (grade) students which are numbered backwards from 9th Grade to 1st Grade, and the second 9 are for Dan (Black Belt) students, see also related links below.

Color Belt, or geup (grade) rank:

9. Gu geup (9th grade): optional base form for white belts such as "Kicho One."

8. Pal geup (8th grade): taegeuk il jang (1st form) - symbol is "keon" meaning Heaven and creation.

7. Chil geup (7th grade): taegeuk yi jang (2nd form) - symbol is "tae" meaning internal strength and external gentleness and the natural element of lake or rain.

6. Yuk geup (6th grade): taegeuk sam jang (3rd form) - symbol is "Ree" meaning fire.

5. Oh geup (5th grade): taegeuk sa jang (4th form) - symbol is "jin" meaning thunder.

4. Sa geup (4th grade): taegeuk oh jang (5th form) - symbol is "seon" meaning the wind.

3. Sam geup (3rd grade): taegeuk yuk jang (6th form) - symbol is "kam" meaning water.

2. Yi geup (2nd grade): taegeuk chil jang (7th form) - symbol is "kan" meaning a mountain.

1. Il geup (1st grade): taegeuk pal jang (8th form) - symbol is "kon" meaning the earth.


Black Belt, or Dan (degree) rank:

(note: First four forms also used for 1st - 4th Poom (Jr. Black Belt under 15):

1. Il Dan (1st Degree): "koryo" the symbol of seonbae which means a learned man

2. Yi Dan (2nd Degree): "keumgang" means diamond (diamond mountain)

3. Sam Dan (3rd Degree): "taebaek" (bright mountain) is the name given to baekdu mountain.

4. Sa Dan (4th Degree): "pyongwong" means a plain or a vast field of land.

5. Oh Dan (5th Degree): "sipjin" means decimal, and longevity.

6. Yuk Dan (6th Degree): "jitae" means a man standing on the earth looking at the sky.

7. Chil Dan (7th Degree): "chonkwon" means Heaven's Great Mighty

8. Pal Dan (8th Degree): "Hansu" means water, the source of life

9. Gu Dan (9th Degree): "Ilyeo" means Oneness of mind (spirit) and body (object)

International Tae Kwon-do Federation (ITF)The International Tae Kwon-do Federation teaches the Chang Hon ("Blue Cottage") forms created by General Choi Hong Hi. The white belt form in this series is called Cheon-Ji, see also related links (below). The official ITF forms are as follows:

1. Cheon-Ji

2. Dan-Gun

3. Do-San

4. Won-Hyo

5. Yul-Gok

6. Jung-Geun

7. Toi-Gye

8. Hwa-Rang

9. Chung-Mu

10. Gwang-Gae

11. Po-Eun

12. Gye-Baek

13. Eui-Am

14. Chung-Jang

15. Kodang

16. Sam-Il

17. Yu-Sin

18. Choe-Yeong

19. Yeon-Gae

20. Eul-Ji

21. Mun-Mu

22. Seo-San

23. Se-Jong

24. Tong-Il

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10y ago

When you learn Tae Kwon Do, you will be exposed to new lingo. You can learn the meanings of the words by typing into a search.

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