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Both a helium balloon and a Golf ball take up space that air would otherwise occupy if they were not there.

The weight of a helium balloon is much less than the weight of the air that would otherwise fill its space, so the surrounding air holds it up. This is called buoyancy and is also the reason that a boat made of steel will float on water.

On the other hand, the weight of a golf ball is much more than the weight of the air that would otherwise fill its space, so the surrounding air is unable to hold it up and it stays on the ground. In other words it is too heavy to float in the air.

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Q: Why will a helium balloon float in the air when a golf ball won't?
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