Assuming he is right-handed, and if there is a runner on second base, he can either throw to second base or pitch.
the place where the pitcher stands.
Yes, the pitcher has to be in contact with the rubber or if not the pitch will be illegal
from the front of the pitching rubber to the back of home plate is 60'6"
Yes. A pitcher must make contact with the rubber but it may be a toe, a heel, or the entire foot.
as long as the pitcher is not on the pitching, rubber he can fake a throw to first, if he is on the rubber and does this, it is a bulk
Rule 8.01 Legal Pitching Delivery goes into detail about the only two legal pitching positions (the set position and the wind-up) but the short answer is yes, not only must the pitcher be touching the mound, his foot must be touching the pitcher's plate (or rubber) until the ball is delivered to the batter.
The pitcher's plate is 24 inches by 6 inches.
The pitching rubber is set at a height of 10 inches.
The distance from home plate to the pitcher's rubber is 46 feet.
In Major League Baseball, the pitcher's plate, or pitching rubber, is 24 inches long and 6 inches wide.
No, the pitcher only needs 1 foot in contact with the pitching rubber to start his pitch