It was in 2006 Italy beat France on penalties in the final
Penalties are imposed for infractions of the rules of football. Most of them are based on keeping the players from injury.
Penalties ensure that players (and sometimes coaches) have a clean and safe football game.
1970 at the World Cup in Mexico .....
Cuju was actually the first to invent Football/Soccer in 206 BC but great Britain then Introduced it in 1900
Holding and False Start
The rule was introduced ahead of, and used in, Euro 2000.