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Lack of food and Bad leadership.

The Russian Revolution was caused by several major factors:

1. The partial industrialization of Russia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which created an urban working class in places like St. Petersburg and Moscow that could organize against its exploitation through unions and workers councils(known as 'the soviets'). This enabled the workers to work together much more effectively against their bosses then the scattered, isolated, and thus largely de-politicized peasantry. The cities were also connected via trade and communication to the outside world, where intellectuals and workers alike had access to revolutionary ideas from Western Europe such as Marxism.

2. The desperate poverty and gross inequality that marked Russian society created a deep well of discontent. The czar and the aristocracy, as well as Russia's capitalist class, lived in opulent luxury in palaces such as the Hermitage while most Russians lived in medieval conditions. In the countryside, most farmers still used wooden plow. Hundreds of thousands died from epidemics on a regular basis. 1/3 of all Russian babies died before their first birthday.

3. The entry of Russia into World War I brought all the class tensions of Russian society to a boiling point, especially when Russia's badly equipped and led army suffered a series of disastrous defeats. Food riots broke out in Russia's major cities and the countryside. The army and navy began to mutiny against a government they had no desire to fight and die for.

4. The czar of Russia, Nicholas II, was a weak and indecisive leader. He went back and forth between making concessions to his people and then opting for repressive measures. Therefore, he both allowed breathing space for a revolutionary movement to develop while creating fresh grievances that strengthened the political forces against him. Most importantly though, he was attempting to reform a corrupt, repressive, outdated system that could not be reformed at all.

5. Although many different groups were opposed to the czar, the Russian revolution was successful because the group that ended up leading it, the Bolsheviks, were dedicated, well-organized, and well-led.

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14y ago
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13y ago

Causes 1. In February 1917 there were shortages of bread in Petrograd and prices were very high. 2. Tsar Nicholas II was weak and did not keep his promises. 3. The effects of the First World War on the Russian army. 4. In Russia there were big differences between rich and poor. 5. The Russian Parliament (the Duma), which was set up in 1906, was not given any real power. The Tsar still ruled as an autocrat (like a dictator).

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12y ago

Results of Bolshevik RevolutionRussian effects of the Bolshevik Revolution were:

  • end of an autocratic rule
  • establishment of a socialist govt.
  • educational reforms
  • industrial growth n economic development
  • withdrawal of russia frm the world war
  • emergence of russia as a major power of world
  • equal rights to all nationalities

World Effects were:

  • spread of communism in the whole world
  • formation of third international
  • increasing global tensions
  • divison of world into two-communist n capitalist
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13y ago

Russia never went through the Industrial Revolution the way countries like the United States, Great Britain, Germany and other countries did. Russia was an agrarian state at that time and stayed that way until Joseph Stalin instituted his Five Year Plans to increase the industrial capacity of the Soviet Union in 1928.

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Q: What were the causes and effects of the Bolshevik Revolution?
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Why were the effects of the march revolution also causes of the bolshevik revolution?

Because the Tsar's soldiers opened fire on women and children protesting for bread. This then lead to inflation and a shortage of bread, which was then rationed. Then caused the Russian revolution.

What were the 3 causes of the red scare?

McCarthyism, the sputnik, bolshevik revolution.

The Bolshevik revolution was also know as what revolution?

The Bolshevik revolution was also known as the communist revolution.

What nation did the Bolshevik revolution occur in?

The Bolshevik Revolution occurred in Russia.

The Bolshevik Revolution occurred in what country?

The Bolshevik Revolution occurred in Russia.

Was the bolshevik revolution in February?

No, the Bolshevik Revolution was in October if you are using the old style calendar.

What country is the home of the bolshevik revolution?

The Bolshevik Revolution took place in Russia in 1917.

What was anoher name for the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia?

The Bolshevik Revolution is usually called the October Revolution or the Communist Revolution.

Was Czar Nicholas II in power during the Bolshevik revolution?

No, Tsar Nicholas II was already out of power during the Bolshevik Revolution. He had abdicated his throne in March 1917 during the February Revolution of 1917. This revolution was not the Bolshevik Revolution. The Bolshevik Revolution began on October 25, 1917 (according to the old style Russian calendar).

Whom did the Red Army fight after the Bolshevik Revolution?

After the Bolshevik Revolution the Red Army fought against the White Armies, which were trying to overthrow the Bolshevik regime.

Who was the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution brought to communism by Russia?

Lenin led the Bolshevik Revolution, with Stalin his second in command.

Are the October Revolution and the Bolshevik Revolution the same?

Yes they are.