Nope, the closest team to do it were the '01 Lakers who lost Game 1 in the finals to Iverson and the 76ers
The Patriots have had 15 winning seasons and have qualified for the playoffs 11 times from 1986 to 2009.New England Patriots records & playoff appearances 1986-2008:1986: 11-5 - Playoff Team, Lost Division Championship1987: 8-7 (15 game season)1988: 9-71989: 5-111990: 1-151991: 6-101992: 2-141993: 5-111994: 10-6 - Playoff team, Lost in Wildcard Game1995: 6-101996: 11-5 - Playoff Team, Lost Super Bowl XX1997: 10-6 - Playoff Team, Lost Division Championship Game1998: 9-7 - Playoff Team, Lost Wildcard Game1999: 8-82000: 5-112001: 11-5 - Playoff Team, Won Super Bowl XXXVI2002: 9-72003: 14-2 - Playoff Team, Won Super Bowl XXXVII2004: 14-2 - Playoff Team, Won Super Bowl XXXIX2005: 10-6 - Playoff Team, Lost Division Championship Game2006: 12-4 - Playoff Team, Lost AFC Championship Game2007: 16-0 - Playoff Team, Lost Super Bowl XLII2008: 11-5
Through the 2008 season, that was the 2003 Atlanta Braves who lost in the NLDS to the Cubs, 3 games to 2.
No team has ever come back from a 3-0 deficit in playoff history.
No team has ever lost a World Series after taking a 3-0 lead.
the Montreal Weiner schnitzels
New YorkIslanders from 1990 to 1984
Through the 2010 season, that is the Houston Astros with 9 playoff appearances without a World Series win.
Prior to the 2008 season, the 2001 New York Yankees lost the first 2 games of the ALDS to the Oakland Athletics at Yankee Stadium and then won the next three games to win the Series. This is the only time that a team that lost the first two games of a League Divisional Series at home has come back to win the Series since MLB added the Divisional Series to the playoffs in 1995.