The player that is out of bounds when the ball touches him.
When the defensive player moves over the line of scrimage and touches an offensive player before the ball is hiked. It's when a defensive player moves over the line of scrimage before the ball is snapped. If he touches an offensive player it's known as encroachment.
Disqualification happens when a player touches the soccer ball with their hands when he was supposed to kick a penalty
Yes he can.
no, in fact they have a penalty for that
The ball is considered dead when it touches the court out of bounds or touches a player that is out of bounds. In this case, the ball would go to the team that blocked the shot. Had the ball touched the court out of bounds before touching the player, the ball would go to the shooting team.