It is usually called Greens. heard of the phrase "I'm hitting the greens today" it means he's playing golf today.
by hitting it with a golf club
'Regulation' has different meanings in golf. Par is considered regulation. Hitting the fairway off the tee on a par 4 or 5 is considered a fairway in regulation (FIR) and hitting the green off the tee on a par 3, or hitting the green on a par 4 with your second shot, or hitting the green on a par 5 with your third shot is considered a green in regulation (GIR). The best way to think about regulation and par is that you should always get 2 puts to get par on a hole. Therefore if you are on the green in 2 on a par 4, you can put 2 times to make par and therefore were on the green in regulation.
It is just a wee golf joke, clearly hilarious. The green is where players make their money, you hit the green and make the putt. Hitting more greens should mean less strokes, unless you are a horrendous putter.
Through the green refers to all areas of a golf course, except the greens, teeing grounds and hazards.
Getting up and down in golf means scrambling for a par after missing a green in regulation.
The person who threw or hit the golf-ball into the windshield
There is really no specific answer for this question since all the major golf manufacturers claim they make the longest hitting driver anyway.