China hosted the 2008 olympic games in Beijing
Sochi, Russia is hosting the 2014 Winter Olympics. It is the first Olympic Games hosted by the Russian Federation. The USSR hosted the Summer Olympics in 1980.
The 2012 Summer Olympic Games will be held in London, England.
The first Winter Olympic games were held in 1924 in Chamonix, France.
Through the 2008 Games in Beijing, that would be Hungary with 465 Olympic medals (459 Summer and 6 Winter). Finland is second with 450 Olympic medals (299 Summer and 151 Winter).