Most football historians agree that American football has its origins in English soccer (international football) and rugby. Rugby began in 1823 at the Rugby Boys School in England. But American football is, almost by definition, an American invention.
The roots of football in American colleges
After the Civil war a group of students at Princeton began playing a rugby-like game using their fists, and then their feet, to advance the ball. The one main goal was to advance the ball past the opposing team. There were no hard and fast rules.
At Harvard the freshman and sophomore classes competed in a football-type game, played on the first Monday of each school year; this event came to be known as Bloody Monday because of the roughness of the game. Pick up games, where similar in style to that played on Bloody Monday, soon became popular on the Boston Common, catching on in popularity around 1860.
Soon after the end of the American Civil War around 1865, colleges began organizing football games. In 1867, Princeton led the way in establishing some rudimentary rules of the game. Also in that year, the football itself was patented for the very first time. That early ball was a crude watermelon, almost round shape.
Rutgers College also established a set of rules in 1867, and with the relatively short distance between it and Princeton, they played a game on November 6, 1869. Rutgers won by a score of six goals to four. This was the very first intercollegiate football game.
In 1873, representatives from Columbia, Rutgers, Princeton, and Yale met in New York City to formulate the first intercollegiate football rules for the increasingly popular game, still being played with many of the rules of soccer. These four teams established the Intercollegiate Football Association (IFA), and set as 15 the number of players allowed on each team.
Walter Camp, the coach at Yale and a dissenter from the IFA over his desire for an 11-man team, helped begin the final step in the evolution from rugby-style play to the modern football game of American football. Led by Camp the IFAs rules committee soon cut the number of players from 15 to 11. They also instituted the size of the playing field, at 110 yards.
In 1882, Camp introduced the system of downs. After first allowing three attempts to advance the ball five yards, in 1906 it was changed to ten yards. The fourth down was added in 1912. Tackling below the waist was legalized in 1888.
Within a decade, concern over the increasing brutality of the game led to its ban by some colleges. In 1905, President Teddy Roosevelt called upon Harvard, Princeton, and Yale to help save the sport. At a meeting between the schools, reform was agreed upon, and at a second meeting, attended by more than sixty other schools, the group appointed a seven member Rules Committee and set up what would later become known as the National Collegiate Athletic Association, or the NCAA.
From this committee came the legalization of the forward pass, which resulted in a more open style of play on the field. The rough mass plays, which once caused so many serious injuries, and even deaths, were prohibited by the committee. Also prohibited was the locking of arms by teammates in an effort to clear the way for their ball carriers.
The length of the game was shortened, from 70 to 60 minutes, and the neutral zone, which separates the teams by the length of the ball before each play begins, was also established.
Colleges and universities are placed into three divisions under NCAA guidelines and each division has many conferences. Seasonal and conference play leads to post-season bowl games, where the champions of conferences meet to play in front of a world-wide television audience. Some of these bowls include the Rose Bowl, played on New Years Day in Pasadena, California, between the Big Ten and Pacific Ten conference champions. Other bowls include the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida, the Sugar Bowl in New Orleans, Louisiana, the Cotton Bowl in Dallas, Texas, and the Peach Bowl in Atlanta, Georgia.
Early Professional Football
Professional football was first played soon after the demise of the Intercollegiate Football Association, around 1895. In 1920, the American Professional Football Association was formed; one year later it was reorganized and in 1922 it was renamed the National Football League. Thus the NFL was born.
The NFL was limited to ten teams from 1946 to 1949. A merger in 1970, 50 years after the inception of the first pro football association, combined 16 NFL teams with ten AFL teams to comprise one league with two conferences.
In the 1980s, further expansion was proposed and by the 1993-1994 NFL season, approval was given for a 30-team league. The next step towards growth of the league would be to realign the NFL into eight different divisions, each with four teams.
Pro football, like its college counterpart, was not without its failures. Among the number of competitive leagues that have folded in failure are:
Modern Professional Football
Football has become a multi-billion dollar business in its professional form. Once watched by no more than a handful of loyal sideline enthusiasts, football is now available for worldwide viewing.
With the advent of Cable Television, dozens of high school and college games can be watched over Friday and Saturday afternoons. Pro games are televised on Sunday and Monday nights, with at least half a dozen games televised each weekend during the season.
At the end of each NFL season, champs from both the National and American conferences meet in the Super Bowl to determine a national champion. This game, always played in January, has been called the most watched sporting event of all time, with a viewing audience from around the entire globe, watching and listening in dozens of languages.
Although television commercials foot a very large part of the bill, the competition between networks for the coverage rights highly inflates the value of NFL franchises. In 1920, a franchise cost $100. By 1960, each was worth approximately two million dollars. In 1993, when the league decided to expand, selling teams to Charlotte, North Carolina and Jacksonville, Florida, the cost rose to $140 million dollars per franchise.
In the same year, the NFL signed a five-network, four year television contract, totaling almost four and a half billion dollars.
As with most creations. need truly is the mother of invention. Baskets have been around since people have needed to carry things.
Yes. Baseball is still considered the pasttime and basketball and hockey remain strong sports, but football is considered truly America's Game.
No one "discovered" American football. It actually developed in the 1800s out of the sport of Rugby. Finally, a man named Walter Camp made rule changes that made the game truly unique from Rugby. He is known as the "Father of American Football".
The telephone was invented in 1859 by little known Antonio Meucci, but Alexander Graham Bells invention worked better. Another invention was the escalader in 1859.Yours truly,Jim Albertson^-- don't write ur name. The computer invented in the 1840
i don't truly know, but theres soocer, American football, tennis, vollyball, basketball and many othhhers
Football is a word that is confusing and entertaining and a sport that epitomized the pride of a nation and the strength of an athlete. In other places, football is a game known as soccer in America. Football in America is where the quarterback throws the ball to a receiver and everybody is running around the gridiron. And football in Europe and other parts of the world means soccer, where guys run around the field tossing a ball around their knees and head. Whew! That was confusing. So who really invented football? AMERICA The "Father of American Football", Walter C. Camp was a football coach and a sports writer and the one who invented football. His name became is legend in the American Football history. He took the rugby game to the next level and invented football. He borrowed term from the rugby game and applied it to football; in rugby, five guys lined-up and are called scrum; in football, he change the five guys to seven guys forming the offensive line, this is called the Line of Scrimmage. Get it? Scrum and scrimmage? CANADA Some claims the football is truly a Canadian game and it was a Canadian who invented football. Invented by the replacement for British troops entering Quebec in the 1600's. Canadian Universities then introduced the game to American Colleges. It is said that by the time America first heard of football, Canada already has their professional football league of sorts. CHINA Some say that football was invented by Chinese a thousand years ago. The ancient Chinese were said to have kick a ball back and forth for exercise and amusement. It is said that the English only re-invented the sport after explorers visited this far away land. So was it really the Chinese who invented football? ROMANS They say it all started in Rome. Romans started playing football quite differently at that time, it is said that they originally toss and throw the pig's head around staking a claim on it. They found it fun and engaging thus it became a sport and thus it was them who invented football. ENGLAND It was the English who invented the football, or did they? It has been reported that forms of football were played as early as 1200 in England. As evidence, they pointed out a game seen played in ancient Greece, it is believed to be the predecessor of football. But this game is said to be forbade by The King Henry VI and by the 19th century, it was split into two games; the soccer and the rugby. And because American football evolved from the rugby, the English are basically staking a claim on both football sports.
It's an adverb.
Karl Benz and it was invented in 1886
If you do not know, then you are a truly stupid imbocile.
Louie Pasteur. A truly clever man.
Leo Hendrik Baekeland, a Belgian-born American living in New York state, invented the first truly synthetic plastic in1907. Baekeland had already invented first commercially successful photographic paper and sold it to George Eastman in 1898 for $1 million.
It's all a matter of opinion, truly.
Football cheerleading is known as football season. It is when cheerleaders cheer during football games. <3 Yours truly, *ChEeRlEaDeR fOr SnOwLiNe AlLsTaR cHeEr*
Nobody truly knows if it was a Canadian or American patient. Some people say that a team of engineers from all over North America. Many people know the head inventor but you need to look on Google or yahoo to find out
The battery would be too heavy to lift
Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Jackson were truly the villains of American history.
Nobody truly knows who invented the crane, but we are certain that the Ancient Greeks often used an earlier sort of crane for building.
Jazz is indeed sometimes called the only truly American art form. This is because it is the only art that originated entirelyÊin the United States.
The Chinese alphabet, which is basically a set of symbols, was never truly invented. The symbols evolved over time into the symbols they use today.
The invention of Curtiss- Wright's J5 radial engine. ( the first truly reliable aircraft engine)
The 5 most popular sports in the world are:Football (Soccer)CricketTennisBaseballAmerican FootballBaseball and American Football make the list because of the sheer population of the US alone. It truly isn't played outside of the US, Canada, or other surrounding countries although it is becoming more and more popular worldwide.
Mark Twain wrote many books with truly American characters and dialect.
Jazz is the only truly "American" music. It is a mixture of Afircan beats, with Western inlfluences.