Depends on the level. In high school and college, you foul out on your fifth foul. In the NBA, you foul out on your sixth foul.
You get five fouls before you foul out.
There are many calls in basketball. For example, Charging, Shooting Foul, Blocking Foul, Reach-In Foul and many more.
In high school 5.
you go on the free throw line and get 2 shots
you get 5 in high school same in college and 6 in the nba
There are four quarters in middle school basketball. A "quarter", by definition is one fourth of the whole. So, there are four quarters in the game.
6.. on the 7th foul then a bonus shot is taken with it