Players don't get paid anything for winning the Stanley Cup (or for any games in the playoffs) unless their contract specifies that the team would pay a bonus for winning it. This would be negotiated between the player's agent and the team along with the rest of the stipulations in the contract.
by winning the game
It varies by year, but as a rule of thumb, they get roughly half the bonus that the players on the winning team get. In 2014, the winners' bonus was $92,000, while that for players on the losing team was $46,000. That's just for that game. To get to that point, they will have advanced in the playoffs (and gotten a bonus for doing that) and won their division (and gotten a bonus for THAT). In 2014, it's estimated that that added up to around $90,000 or so per player in addition to the bonus for the Super Bowl itself.
they get an 83,000 dollar bonus, among other things. the losing players get 43,000 dollars
Yes. Because they have the winning numbers to the lottery.
all sports can award there own bonus. There is no set amount