Yes, a goalkeeper can take penalties.
yes, since the goal keeper is the defender, and he/she touched it last, it is a corner.
Yes. The only restart exceptions for offside are goal kick, throw in, and corner kick.
It depends on how the goalkeeper received it. If the goalkeeper received it from a deliberate kick or a throw-in by a team-mate, then no. Otherwise, yes.
Answer : Goalkeeper
It has to be the goalkeeper.
Anyone, even the goalkeeper (although this is risky as play resumes if you miss a penalty kick and the last thing you need is your goalkeeper at the wrong end).
A goal keeper can not do it when he is out side of the 18 yard line mark.
No one died to Pele's kick...
If someone on the goalie's team kicks the ball on the goalie's line, the other team gets to take a corner kick on them. You go to the corner flag left or right of the opponent's goal and take a kick. Players (defense and offense) try to either block or shoot a goal.
Yes a goalkeeper can kick the ball and score more then one goal into the other net. And he can score from corner kicks as well.
You should keep the ball still and kick it with a intention of putting it in a corner of the net, the tip of the foot should be used, and not the top as it will go up then. You should decieve the goalkeeper by looking the wrong side you want to kick.