The switch from junior clubs to mens clubs is based around height, swing speed, and ability. If the junior has been playing a while, has grown to over 5'2 and has a swing speed of over 70mph, then its time to them into mens clubs.
They would not be the best set of clubs on the market, however they would be of a decent enough standard.
The difference between the men's golf clubs and junior golf clubs is the age bracket that the golf clubs are used by players. Junior golf clubs are used by young players typically aged from 7 to 16 years old while men's golf clubs are used by adult players from 18 years old and above. These golf clubs come in different sizes and material to fit players properly.
If you have used junior clubs, you should start using ladies clubs once they have grown out of them, as they will fill the gap between juniors and mens.
You could use mens' clubs, but the best thing to do is to go and get custom fit. This way they can find the ideal length of club for you, maybe mens' clubs with a couple of inches taken off them. It depends how old you are, if you are still growing i wouldn't advise custom fitting, maybe just a second hand set of clubs which you could get cut down.
Depends how old and how tall they are. From about 13 most youths would play mens clubs, but smaller youths could get ladies or junior clubs which are shorter and lighter. There is the option of getting a set of mens clubs custom fitted, but then they may grow out of them quickly.
Yes, tall women can use mens golf clubs. But length is not the only difference between men's clubs and women's clubs. Womens' clubs are a lot lighter, and have more flexible shafts, this because women have slower swing speeds, so the shafts help the ball get in the air easier.
the mens clubs will be heavier, have less loft, stiffer shafts, the club will be longer and may have a higher kick point.
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It depends on who you are donating them to, mens clubs are longer and usually heavier, the majority of them have steel shafts which are less flexible than the graphite shafts which are usually found on womens clubs. Many women would find it hard to hit mens clubs well because as mentioned, they usually have stiffer shafts which make it harder to get the ball off the ground and they sometimes have less loft which also makes it harder to get the ball airborne. Mens clubs are longer so it may be too long for the woman and she would have to customise her swing to hit it well which is not good. Some women prefer woods or hybrids as they have a lower centre of gravity which makes it easier to get the ball off the ground. If a man got a womans club i wouldn't suggest they use them as the shafts could be too whippy and they would not get the best from them. Clubs for men and women are designed specifically for the different users so they can get the best from them, younger golfers may find womens clubs useful as they are shorter and they can grow into mens clubs.