As of April, 2009:
Florence Griffith-Joyner holds the women's world record in the 200 meter dash with a time of 21.34 seconds set at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul.
Steven Hooker holds the Olympic record in the Pole Vault. He is Australian.
Hicham el Guerrouj holds the record for the mile (3:43.13), which is 9 meters longer than 1600m. i am not sure who holds it for the 1600m. it's not considered an event in the elite track and field world, so it will probably be tough to find any sign of a world record for it.
In track and field, measurements are done in meters.
One African American male who holds a T&F world record is Michael Johnson in the 400m dash.
Valerie Adams of New Zealand holds the women's shot put record, with a distance of 20.73-meters. The shot put is a track and field event, involving throwing, in a pushing motion, a heavy spherical object.
Ateneo de Manila High School Track and Field team of the Philippines holds the record of the longest consecutive winning streak, from 1979 to 1998
Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record which is 2:24