Michael Phelps of the US has the most olympic gold medals (14 total in 2004 and 2008) and the most medals by a male athlete (16 including his 2 bronze medals).
Canada won 14 gold medals at Vancouver in 2010.
German with 3 gold medals.
The United States won the most gold medals in the 2012 Summer Olympic games in the United Kingdom.
The United States.
Michael Phelps, swimmer, won the most gold medals in Olympic history.
China with 51 gold medals.
Through the 2006 Games in Turin, that is Norway with 280 (98 gold, 98 silver, 84 bronze). The United States is second at 217 (78 gold, 80 silver, 59 bronze) and the former Soviet Union is third with 194 (78 gold, 57 silver, 59 bronze).
Michael Phelps has won 14 gold medals.
Assuming you're talking about individuals rather than countries, I've done a fair bit of research into this question.Because of the spacing of the Olympics every 4 years, it's difficult for athletes in many events to make repeated appearances at the games due to falling from their peak athletic performance. There are many instances of athletes appearing in 3 consecutive Olympics in the same event and winning a medal, but it's harder to find examples of athletes medalling in the same event in 4 or more consecutive games.That being said, let me introduce you to a fencer named Aladár Gerevich. Early on when I was researching this question I was convinced it would be a multi-way tie between athletes who'd medalled in an event 4 times, until I saw this impressive Olympic résumé:Gold 1932 Los Angeles Sabre teamGold 1936 Berlin Sabre teamBronze 1936 Berlin Sabre individualGold 1948 London Sabre teamGold 1948 London Sabre individualGold 1952 Helsinki Sabre teamSilver 1952 Helsinki Sabre individualBronze 1952 Helsinki Foil teamGold 1956 Melbourne Sabre teamGold 1960 Rome Sabre teamGerevich is confirmed to be the only Olympian who's medalled in the same event in six different Olympic events: Sabre Team, at the games of 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, 1956 and 1960. Also of note: all six of these medals were Gold.For more:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alad%C3%A1r_Gerevich5 medals in the same event:Edoardo Mangiarotti, ItalyTeam Epée1936 (Gold), 1948 (Silver), 1952 (Gold), 1956 (Gold), 1960 (Gold).(Not to mention his 4 medals in different years for Team Foil)Reiner Klimke, GermanyEquestion - Dressage1964 (Gold), 1968 (Gold), 1976 (Gold), 1984 (Gold), 1988 (Gold)Pál Kovács, HungaryTeam Sabre1936 (Gold), 1948 (Gold), 1952 (Gold), 1956 (Gold), 1960 (Gold)(Well, go figure, he was on the same Sabre team as Gerevich up there, the only difference being that he wasn't around for the 1932 games)A few notable 4-time event medallists:Carl Lewis, USALong Jump1984 (Gold), 1988 (Gold), 1992 (Gold), 1996 (Gold)(Note: He had a shot at 5 straight, as he was 5th in world rankings at long jump in 1980, when the US boycotted the Moscow games)Jenny Thompson, USA4 x 100 m Freestyle Relay1992 (Gold), 1996 (Gold), 2000 (Gold), 2004 (Silver)4 x 100 m Medley Relay1992 (Gold), 1996 (Gold), 2000 (Gold), 2004 (Silver)Birgit Fischer, East Germany / GermanyKayaking - 500m K41988 (Gold), 1992 (Silver), 1992 (Gold), 1996 (Gold), 2004 (Gold)(Note: This is among 10 medals won in 4 different events at a record 6 different Olympic games, and excludes very real medal chances due to the Eastern Bloc boycott of the 1984 games)Gert Fredriksson, SwedenKayaking - 1000m K11948 (Gold), 1952 (Gold), 1956 (Gold), 1960 (Bronze)Addendum: Al Oerter is the only athlete to win the gold medal in the same event four consecutive times. He won the discus event in 1956, 1960, 1964, and 1968.
Norway is the country that has won the most number of Winter Olympic gold medals. Norway has a cumulative total of 118 gold medals.
Michael Phelps has the most Olympic Gold medals as of January 2015. He has 22 medals total, 18 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze. 11 of his gold medals are from individual events.
Most decorated swimming, most Olympic gold medals all time, and most Olympic Gold medals in a single game.
2 gold medals.
Balance beams are 5 meters (16 feet, 5 inches) long.