That is Wilt Chamberlain with 2,149 rebounds in the 1960-61 season.
Dave DeBusschere actually is the most famous rebounder in basketball, but Wilt Chamberlain holds the record for the most rebounds in a single game with 55. http://nbahoopsonline.com/History/Leagues/NBA/reboundsinglegame.html
Wilt Chamberlain holds the single game rebound record with 55. He also holds the single playoff game rebound record with 41.
Fred Cohen (Temple) with 34 rebounds in 1956.
51-Bill Chambers, William & Mary vs. Virginia, Feb. 14, 1953