In 776 BC, Koroibos won the first Track and Field gold medal.
gold, first place
track ands field running
Field & Track
John Taylor (Track and Field, 1908).
As of the 2008 Games, that would be the United States with 715 track and field (athletics) medals (304 gold, 229 silver, 182 bronze). who won 9 gold medal in track -and-field 1980&1990