I want to know what percentage of US high school athletes go on to play sports at the college level.
Around one third
0. college athletes play in college
i would say about 2%
The amount of high school athletes who receive scholarships to college is very small. The sport with the highest percentage of high school participants earning at least a partial athletic scholarship is girls golf at 1.6 percent. Football is second at 1.4 percent.
This is often a misreported number because most studies do not include NCAA Division III, NAIA and all Junior Colleges. If you were to take the total number of High School Participants (7,092,999) and the Total Number of College Participants (581,077) you are looking at more than 8%. Obviously that is a rough number and doesn't take into account graduating seniors to available freshmen positions but it gives you a ballpark number. It also ranges greatly by sport.
0.08% chance of getting an athletic scholarship (men or women) to a Division 1 school.