There's no official penalty, but you could say the penalty is losing yards which no one on offense wants
You sack the quarterback or you are sacking the quarterback.
That would be John Elway, sacked 516 times in his career.
Matt Cassel, sacked 47 times in 2008.
Ben Roethlisberger was sacked around 50 times I believe...
A whole team cannot get sacked, but a quarterback behind the line of scrimmage can. The Colts quarterback, Peyton Manning, was sacked a total of zero times in the 2010 super Bowl.
Miami Dolphins quarterback Ryan Tannehill lead the league in getting laid out, he was sacked 58 times in the 2013 NFL regular season.