The penalty for hitting your equipment is 1 stroke.
It's a one stroke penalty.
You take a penalty stroke if you did not let te other player mark their ball.
2 stroke penalty for contacting the ball while it is moving
If you are on the green and you hit another ball which is on the green, you receive a two shot penalty and must play your ball where it lies. The other ball must be replaced, you should have asked the other player to move the ball. If however you are not on the green and hit another ball, there is no penalty, you again play yours as it lies and the other ball must be replaced.
Only if it was going to hit or come close to hitting another group of players.
Yes you get a two stroke penalty and must hit your ball from where it landed.
A double hit counts as 2 strokes.
Technically speaking, none. A player has the right to decide whether or not his or her ball is unplayable, so there is always the option of claiming an unplayable lie and re-teeing. The penalty is for declaring the ball unplayable, not hitting another tee shot, although the second tee shot is the player's third shot.
In stroke play, two stroke penalty and then you must play your ball. In matchplay it is loss of the hole.
Yes but that would be a penalty to have to many players on the field, if they are on the other team then they will get the penalty.