In karate it is called a kata. It is a teaching method that has been used for many centuries.
You get more points then your opponent.
hit your opponent before they hit you
In my karate, we do a type of karate called Tang so doo. There is also taekwondo, which is more action while Tang So Doo is more defensive. There are forms and different types of defence rules and you learn the proper kicks like round kick, side kick and front snap kick. There is basically two sides to karate training, katas and kumite. Katas are a predefined sequence of movements against an imaginary opponent and kumite is the practice of individual moves. This can be done in pairs ippon and ju ippon kumite or by ones self. A lesson can also include sparing, self defence and other exercises
The definition of karate is to defend oneself without the use of weapons by striking sensitive areas on an opponent's body with the hands, elbows, knees, or feet.
You bow in karate to show respect. You bow to your partner or opponent before you spar or train. You bow when entering or exiting the training area to show respect for it. And you bow to your instructor.
The main difference are the rules. In boxing, only your hands may be used to score points. In karate as a sport, hands and feet can be used to hit the opponent.
The name will depend upon the martial art. In karate it is called a kata. Other arts use the word form or poomse for a sequence.
A karate bow is used to show respect to your teacher (sensai) and elders. We say it osu. A karate bow is also done before the start and end of class, a bout or kata.
While both of them are quite effective martial arts, karate is by its nature more deadly. Judo was derived from Jujitsu. It was designed to be a sport and used in competition. As such it was intended to be 'safe' to the practitioners and not deadly. Karate was never intended for competition, but is designed to be effective and take the opponent out of action.
Karate (Sorry, don't know who created it.)
Karate is a martial art which not only teaches you to have a control on your senses but also teaches you some good self-defense. It teaches you disciple and emphasize never to be very aggressive. It has some really good techniques to knock out your opponent.
When you do an illegal technique during kumite or hit to intentionally injure the opponent, you are given a penalty. Penalty can be in the form of extra points given to your opponent. If you get more penalties than the threshold, you can also be disqualified or banned from taking part in the championships.