The last move in Chess is a checkmate. A checkmate is when you have trapped the king to where it cannot escape in anyway. Then, you win the game.
A bad move in chess is called a "blunder".
The end of a chess game is called the 'endgame.'
This is not a legal chess move in keeping with the rules of chess . You may be thinking of Castling ~ see related link below .
it is called En Passant
A turn in chess is known as a "Move" ~ see related link below for a list of chess terms .
It`s called the first move. The first few moves are called the opening.
Check Mate. But this name only applies if the move results in a checkmate. Sometimes the final move in a game of chess does not result in a checkmate,; therefore it cannot be called a checkmate.
This is called "castling".
You can not skip your move in chess. You always have to move when it is your turn. If you have no legal moves in chess and it is your turn, the game is a stalemate.
No. Only the knight can move in that pattern.