Temperature can affect a couple of different variables in a ball to alter the distance it will travel from an impact. For inflated balls, the temperature can change the air pressure inside the ball giving an over inflated effect if it was warmed, or and under inflated effect if it was cold. (Have you ever tried dribbling a Basketball without enough air in it?) The amount of air pressure then is directly proportional to the temperature of the air inside.
Yes, ball preasure does effect kicking distance.
How does stitching effect the distance a soccer ball will travel?
Yes it does, in cold weather the ball doesn't go as far, in warm weather it goes further, but not by a massive distance.
Yes if the wind is blowing hard it will move the distance of the ball
No this is simply to hold the ball together, it does not affect the distance the ball travels in any way.
The bigger the ball, the farther it travels.
There is a trampoline effect when a ball hits a bat. The warmer the bat, the more the bat is able to contract and expand to create this effect. The colder the bat, the less able it is to create the trampoline effect.
The distance that is from the sun effects the temperature of the planet because, the further it is from the sun, the colder it is.