In the FIFA Laws of the Game, Law 12 defines misconduct. www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/federation/lotg_en_55753.pdf
Cards are only shown for misconduct. A foul can also be misconduct, but does not have to be.
Dissent is not a foul, it is misconduct, and the consequence is a caution.
A caution, by showing a yellow card, or a send off, by showing a red card.
Yellow as a warning, red to be sent off.
There is no such card in soccer. It's existence is a myth. A lifetime ban is not one that can be made on the field. Cards are merely visual aides for dealing with misconduct while on the field of play.
The question is ambiguous. A penalty kick has a specific meaning in soccer. It is given when there is a direct free kick offense within the offender's own penalty area. It may or may not accompany misconduct; a caution or send off. So, technically, there is no limit to the number of penalty kicks that could be awarded in a single soccer match. Although a referee would certainly start sanctioning for misconduct if there were such a pattern of fouls occurring.
Grave Misconduct was created in 2008.
The boy was suspended because of his misconduct in school.
Gross Misconduct was created on -19-10-08.
Tom was relieved of his duties because of sexual misconduct at the workplace. or Her misconduct on the job earned her a memorandum of reprimand.
This Is An Example Of Police Misconduct: youtu.be/1AA9hEt4vd4
Unsporting behavior is a cautionable offense (yellow card). If play was stopped solely to deal with the misconduct, then the restart is an indirect free kick for the opposing team. If play was stopped for another reason, and the referee waited to deal with the misconduct, then the restart is dictated by the reason it stopped; throw-in, goal kick, etc.