There were no Thoroughbred Triple Crown winners in 2012.
Thoroughbred Triple Crown winner, Secretariat.
A black type placed winner in thoroughbred racing would be a horse that is a winner of a race AND also finished 2nd or 3rd in a stakes race. The 2nd or 3rd in the stakes race is what give the horse the "black type placed" distinction.
Affirmed in 1978.
Thoroughbred horse racing is the general use of the Kentucky Derby. The specific use within that general purpose is its role in determining the Triple Crown winner each year. The Triple Crown goes to the horse that manages to win the Belmont and the Preakness, in addition to the Derby.
There was no triple crown winner in 1967.
Smarty Jones won the Kentucky Derby in 2004, as well as the Preakness. Many thought he would become Thoroughbred Horse Racing's 12th Triple Crown Winner, but he ended up finishing second by a length in the Belmont Stakes to a horse named Birdstone.
He sired no Triple Crown Winner.
There were 11 Triple Crown winners and the most famous was Secretariat in 1973. The first Triple Crown winner was Sir Barton in 1919. If you're into horse racing, you should check out a really cool racing game called horseracegame. The reason why I mention this game is because you can actually jockey and fictitiously bet all the Triple Crown winners throughout history. You can even build races combining the Triple Crown horses. My favorite Triple Crown winner was Secretariat. Gee, that's no secret! But I also think Citation who won the Triple Crown in 1948 was a great horse, also. I tried that video game you were talking about and it's been a blast racing the Triple Crown winners.
There was no American, Canadian, English, or Irish Triple Crown winner in 1923.
The most recent American Triple crown winner was Affirmed in 1978.
People that follow horse racing consider Secretariat as one of if not the finest thouroghbred to have ever run a race. A Triple Crown Winner is rare, and this was one of the finest.
Citation won the Triple Crown in 1948
Affirmed won the Triple Crown in 1978.