A bowling handicap resulted with you average, The higher you average is the Lower the Handicap.
In bowling, 'scratch' means without the handicap added in. A scratch game is the actual score of the game, whereas a handicap game is the scratch game and the handicap added together. So 'high game scratch' would be the highest game a person in the league or tournament bowled without adding in the handicap. For example, someone with a 12 handicap bowls a 249. The 'scratch' score is 249, the handicap score is 261.
Bowling Green Handicap was created in 1975.
The same as you score any game of bowling. A scratch game means no handicap is involved. Your total for a scratch game is the same as your score for the actual game you bowled. Your total for a handicap game is the actual score you bowled plus your handicap.
Your bowling handicap depends on what league you're in. My handicap went from a 12 to a 33 when I switched leagues.
A handicap league is one in which handicap is added to a bowler's score to place bowlers and teams with varying degrees of skill on as equitable a basis as possible for scheduled competition.
There are three variables that affect a bowler's handicap: 1) Their current average, 2) the handicap basis, and 3) the percent of the difference between their average and the handicap basis that is used for the handicap. For example, a typical league may calculate handicap as 80% of 200, meaning that a bowler with a 150 average would have a 40-pin handicap (80% of the 50-pin difference between their 150 average and the 200 basis). With a 40-pin handicap, the highest handicap game this bowler could roll would be 340. Theoretically, you could have a 600 handicap game: A bowler with a 0 average bowling in a league with handicap based on 100% of 300 would get 300 pins of handicap, making a perfect game worth 600 pins. In reality, I don't think I've seen many handicap games over 330.
Most leagues work out the bowling handicap based on 200. If your average is 148 for example, then your handicap would be 52. Some leagues use other methods, but this is the most common
The lower the bowling handicap, the higher average player you are. However, there is not a standard rule defining handicap rules across the board. So if you had a 180 average in one League, you might have 18 pins handicap and in a different league you might have 27 pins handicap.
It depends on how the heads up scoring is setup. If you are just bowling heads up, then total pin count is all that is important, this would be scratch. If you are bowling with handicap, you take the total scratch pin count and add handicap, the higher score wins. If you are bowling in the Peterson System, with a per game point system, then the person with the most points at the end would be the victor.
A scratch score is an unadjusted score; that is, it does not take a bowler's handicap into account. A series score is the combined score over 3 games. So "high series scratch" means the highest score for a 3-game series, without adding in handicap. This is often posted in bowling alleys along with other league stats.
Typically, the average and handicap are recalculated after every session of a bowling league. For tournament leagues (such as the Amateur Bowlers Tour), averages and handicaps are recalculated after every tournament.