You start a hole of golf by making a stroke with any golf club from the defined teeing area.
Just the hole or the cup.
Either a hole in one or an ace.
The 19th hole can be the first playoff hole after a round of golf, but it is another name for the bar after the round.
on the tee
The 19th Hole
Hole out is simply finishing a hole of golf, obviously by putting the ball in the hole.
The tee off.
A round of golf is simply started when a player hits their tee shot on the first hole.
Albatross or double eagle.
4.25 inches is the current size of a golf hole