answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer

use you hand and massage you breast. if you have a lump there, immediately go to the doctor. do not wait. if you are unsure, go to the doctor. lumps are signs of breast cancer.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2013-03-13 21:21:23
This answer is:
๐Ÿ™
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
User Avatar
Study guides
๐Ÿ““
See all Study Guides
โœ๏ธ
Create a Study Guide

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: Iv'e had a lump in my left breast for a while and at times it hurts could this be a sign of breast cancer or a cyst?
Write your answer...
Submit
Related questions

Where on the breast does breast cancer start?

The truth is that it could start anywhere on your breast. But most of the times breast cancers start on your left breast and on outer and upper quadrant (if you divide breast in four parts by two perpendicular lines).


Can a breast cancer lump move around in the breast?

I have Inflammation breast cancer and I have a hard section of skin on the bottom underside of my left breast on the inside..sometime the hard section seems to be more in the middle by the aerola and nioole and then other times it's across the bottom of the aerola section or just one side.. I'm having chemo and go again the 28th June.. Just want to know seen as this cancer is rare and forms in the skin cells can it"move around" like a cancer lump or what.. Thank you Colleen


When did adolf Hitler mother die of breast cancer?

basicly hitlers mom did not die of breast cancer .......... he shot 76547 times in the head her whilst raping her for 3 hours by buckweeet


How many times do you have to visit a doctor for breast cancer?

sinc november omost 4 time


What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer is cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk).Definition from the American Cancer Society:Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts from cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may invade surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too.Both women and men can get breast cancers but women are 100 times more prone to get breast cancers than men.breast cacer is a type of cancer that infects womans boosums and that can cause seariouse problem with the cycle in your body


What does breast cancer reconstruction imply?

Breast cancer reconstruction implies a surgery performed to repair the appearance of breast tissue to make it look more natural, as it would have before a mastectomy (term for removal of one or both breasts) was performed to remove cancerous tumors or cells. Sometimes breast cancer reconstruction involves only breast implants, other times it is more about the outside aesthetics - such as creating the appearance of nipples where they had been removed.


Can breast cancer be spreaded?

yes it can spred though out some ones body that is why the breast has to be cut of some times. but if you mean spread from one person to another then NO.


Does your breast hurt if you have breast cancer?

Some women with breast cancer have pain, but the vast majority do not.Most of the times a cancerous breast lump is not painful. The exception is, inflammatory breast cancer which is painful and rather an aggressive type of breast cancer.Women should talk with their doctor to determine their specific risk of breast cancer. All women should perform monthly breast self-examinations and report any changes to their doctor. Clinical breast examinations by a doctor should occur at least once every three years for women 20 to 39 years of age. Beginning at age 40, women should have yearly clinical breast exams by their doctor and yearly mammograms.


What's Breast cancer?

Breast cancer is cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk).Definition from the American Cancer Society:Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts from cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may invade surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too.Both women and men can get breast cancers but women are 100 times more prone to get breast cancers than men.breast cacer is a type of cancer that infects womans boosums and that can cause seariouse problem with the cycle in your body


How fast does an invasive breast cancer grow?

Most women are shocked to find out that they have had their breast cancer for years before it was discovered. Cancer growth is measured in doubling times. One doubling time is the amount of time that it takes for the mass of cancer cells to double in size. It takes about 23 doubling times to go from one cancer cell to become a large enough mass to be seen on a mammogram, and about 30 doubling times to become large enough to be felt as a lump, about one billion cells. Doubling times may be as short as 10 days or as long as several years. Four months is an average doubling time. A cancer's doubling time is an indication of how fast it grows. The doubling time is very important in determining the time course of the cancer. For example, a cancer first starts when a woman is 40. It is a fast growing cancer with a doubling time of 2 months. It takes 46 months (2x23), or almost four years, before it is large enough to be detected by a mammogram and 60 months, or five years, before she feels it. She is diagnosed with cancer at age 44 or 45. If, on the other hand, she has a slow growing cancer with a doubling time of two years, she would be 86 before it could be found on a mammogram and 100 before she could feel it. She probably would die of other causes before she ever knew she had cancer. Carefully performed autopsy studies show undetected invasive breast cancer in over 3% of women age 40 and older. Since most breast cancers grow at an intermediate pace, usually the cancer has been present for 8-10 years before being discovered. Metastatic cancer, like the original cancer in the breast, must double in size at least 23 times before it can be found.


What does it mean when your stomach hurts to suck in?

It could just be cramps. I have looked up this question many times and never have anyone said it hurts to suck in their stomach while pregnant.


Is There Such Thing as an Easy Weight Loss Diet?

>Race For The CureOne of the hardest things a woman could face in her life is breast cancer. This is why the Susan G. Komen foundation has breast cancer runs through the year in order to raise money to fight the disease. All of the money raised from each run is given back to the medical community in the hopes of finding a cure for breast cancer. Sometimes, the money is given to families who have been affected by the disease. Scholarships are also created for those who have family members with breast cancer. There are breast cancer runs in almost every state at all times of the year. It is easy to register for a run, and the cause is well worth the work that is put into it.Most cancer runs begin in the morning and last for either a set amount of time or miles. Thousands of women, children and even men gather to run races for a cure for breast cancer. Many of the women who run or walk in the cancer events are survivors of breast cancer or they are family members of someone who has the disease. Shirts can be ordered to wear on the day of the run, and groups can purchase shirts for members to wear the day of the event. It is a magical time in the life of those who run in the event. Millions of dollars have been raised through breast cancer runs. Each person who decides to run can choose to form a group or gather sponsors who will support them while they are running. Participants do not have to run through the entire event. They can walk or even use a wheelchair if they have one. Local celebrities have been speakers at breast cancer runs in order to get the word out about breast cancer. Many of the runs that have been conducted enable hospitals to treat women who have breast cancer so that there are more survivor stories among women.


What could cause my breast to be sore for 3 weeks?

If you are not starting puberty, the only other times when that area may be sore is when you start to get the symptoms of breast cancer.Also when you are pregnant.


Does swallowing semen reduce breast cancer?

Women who perform the act of fellatio and swallow semen on a regular basis, one to two times a week, may reduce their risk of breast cancer by up to 40 percent, a North Carolina State University study found.


Does sex hurt really bad?

If it is your first few times having sex then yes it hurts.


Is breast cancer reoccurring?

You can get breast cancer again, I think you can get any cancer again. Many times people have gone into remission, and been cancer free for years, but the reason it's good to continue having regular doctor visits is because cancer can always come back.Going to the doctor at least once or twice a year is a good way to catch cancer, or any disease early. Cancer can be beat, but the key to winning the battle with cancer is to catch it early enough to get rid of it before it spreads. Even if you've already beat cancer, you must always make sure it doesn't come back.


I exercise at tae kwon do 4 times a week and every time my breast area hurts during and after training I am a guy with abnormally bigger breasts What is causing the pain and how do I prevent it?

YOU'RE A WOMAN


Guiding light did reva really have cancer?

Yes she did, two times. First she had breast cancer and was in remission. Shortly after getting married and finding out she was pregnant she found out that she had a form of leukemia, but also beat that too.


Can breast cancer stay in one place forever?

It's possible but highly unlikely. Many of times the tumour will actually move somewhere else such as the brain or stomach.


How deadly is breast cancer?

First answer (I'm not sure that this addresses the question):The treatment here in the US is barbaric. Cut and burn is what they do in the US. Look to go to another country that 'thinks outside' the box in terms of treating breast cancer and you can get your cancer treated and get to keep your breasts too!Second answer:The odds of surviving breast cancer are much better than surviving cancers at most other site locations. Pancreatic cancer victims, for example, have just a 5% chance of survival. However, there are far more breast cancer cases than most other site locations (except prostate cancer), so deciding how deadly it is takes a bit of analysis and a bit of philosophy. Does "deadly" refer to the total number of deaths or to how likely one is to die once they have become afflicted? Each person must decide that individually.The Information Please Almanac's compilation of data from the American Cancer Society, U.S. National Institutes of Health, and National Cancer Institute tells us the 5 year survivability rate for breast cancer in the US is 90% for whites, and 77% for blacks. I'm estimating this means (.87* .9 + .13 * .77 = ) 88% overall. Early detection and treatment is key. In 2007 there were 180,510 estimated new cases of breast cancer about 1% of whom were men. That means that over the next 5 years, if survival rates remain unchanged, approximately 21,661 (12%) of these people will die of the condition.Comparatively, lung cancer has a 15/12% white/black 5 yr survival rate est. 14% overall. In 2007, there were 213,380 new cases of lung cancer. That means 183,506 of these people are likely to die of lung cancer over the next 5 years. That is 8.5 times the number of people that will die of breast cancer and more than the total number of new breast cancer cases surviving or not. But the largest killer is heart disease. Heart disease killed 631,636 persons in 2006 including 315,930 women - more than half of the total and 14.6 times the number of all breast cancer deaths (men & women).So, how deadly is breast cancer? The rest is an individual and philosophical decision. Chances are if you had a family member that died of breast cancer you'll say it is "very" deadly. If you had a family member that died of cancer at another site location or heart disease you're likely to wonder what all the breast cancer hoopla is about.http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0883543.html#axzz12R7XmUYHhttp://www.infoplease.com/us/statistics/leading-causes-death.html


Why was there no cancer during Medieval Times?

There was cancer


Will taking a hormone replacement increase my chance of breast cancer, as my mother died with the same?

Thank not true HGH can help you increase you health ( burn fat, build lean muscle,increase stamina, better sleep,reduce high blood functions and more call us we can help 1-888-288-0041 elopez (Fort Lauderdale, FL) Hormone Growth Hormone We are the experts with human growth hormone and more According to a study that was taken around 2002, women who have taken HRT after surviving breast cancer have been 3 times more prone to recurrences of the cancer. From this information I think it is safe to say that HRT greatly increases the risk of attaining breast cancer. http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/results/hrt-and-breast-cancer0204 "The WHI Estrogen-plus-Progestin Study concluded that estrogen plus progestin increases the risk of invasive breast cancer. After 5 years of follow-up, women taking these hormones had a 24 percent increase in breast cancer risk compared with women taking the placebo. The increase amounted to an additional 8 cases of breast cancer for every 10,000 women taking estrogen pl


Why are some cancers hereditary?

Many cancers run in the families and the immediate relatives (siblings, parents, and children) of patients with cancers often have an increased risk of cancers. I will try to explain this with the help of specific examples to make it more easily understandable.Breast cancer is an example in which immediate relatives may have a higher risk of breast cancer or other types of cancers. Sometimes the increased risk may be due to a genetic mutation. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are examples of genetic mutation that gives rise to increased risk of breast cancer. Women who have this mutation have about 60% lifetime risk of developing breast cancer. Women with these mutations also have significantly higher risk of developing ovarian cancer. This mutation is genetically transmitted to off springs in an autosomal dominant model. This means that son or daughter of BRCA mutation carrier has 50% risk of acquiring the mutation. It is to be noted that only about 5% breast cancers belong to this category where a specific genetic mutation can be identified. Apart from identifiable genetic mutation that increases the risk of breast cancer, presence of a family member with breast cancer would increase the risk of development of breast cancer in a woman.Unlike patients who are carriers of well-recognized genetic mutations like BRCA1 or BRCA2, these women do not have any evidence of genetic alterations that would increase the risk of breast cancer. The increased breast cancer risk in this group of women may be related to a group of genes rather than a single gene mutation. These genetic alterations as a group may have increased predisposition to development of breast cancer. It is also difficult to separate environmental factors in these patients. The role of environmental factors is difficult to quantify in this situation and how much of this increased risk is caused by common environmental factors is difficult to judge. If a woman, say Miss A has a first degree relative (mother, daughter, or sister) with diagnosis of breast cancer, the risk of Miss A developing breast cancer is 1.7 times higher (called relative risk) compared to the general population. If that first-degree relative of Miss A had developed breast cancer prior to the menopause, the relative risk for Miss A would be 3 fold. On the other hand if that relative had breast cancer after menopause, the relative risk for Miss A would be 1.5 fold. If that relative had developed bilateral breast cancer then the relative risk for Miss A would be 5 fold higher. Again if that relative who developed bilateral breast cancer had developed the breast cancer prior to menopause, the relative risk for Miss A would be 9 fold higher. You can see here complex factors playing roles to increase the risk of breast cancer.A similar situation is present in colon cancer as well, there are specific identifiable genetic mutations that gives rise to very high risks of developing colon cancer. Mutation in the APC gene is a noted example. If a person carries this mutation that person has close to 100% risk of developing colon cancer in the late adulthood. This gene is transmitted in an autosomal dominant model, which means that any offspring of the carrier has a 50% risk of inheriting this mutation and subsequent increased risk of colon cancer. As with breast cancer most cases of colon cancer are not related genes that could be tested. Colon cancer diagnosis in a person would increase the risk of colon cancer development in his close relatives. Again as mentioned above this is not the result of a single genetic abnormality that is inherited, but is really due to interaction of a group of genes and various environmental factors common to the family like eating habits and food preferences.Most of the familial cancers are multi-factorial and most of the time there are no demonstrable genetic markers or patterns. A small percentage of the cancers can be truly genetic with identifiable genetic markers. The pattern of familial clustering is more in some cancer like breast cancer, colon cancer, and ovarian caner but less in many other types of cancers like lung cancer, prostate cancer, and esophageal cancer.The following is a list of identified familial genetic syndromes associated with a single genetic abnormality. Please not that this is not a comprehensive list of all known disorders.Autosomal dominant disordersBRCA1: Breast cancerBRCA2: Breast cancerAPC: Colon cancerHNPCC: Colon cancerCDKN2: MelanomaBasal cell nevus syndromeNeurofibromatosis type 2Carney syndromeOsteochondromatosis, multipleChordoma, familialParaganglioma, familialCowden syndromePeutz-Jeghers syndromeEsophageal cancer with tylosisProstate cancerGastric cancer, familialRenal cancer, familialLi-Fraumeni syndromeRetinoblastomaMultiple endocrine neoplasia type 1Tuberous sclerosisMultiple endocrine neoplasia type 2von Hippel-Lindau diseaseNeurofibromatosis type 1Wilms' tumorAutosomal recessive disordersAtaxia-telangiectasiaRothmund-Thomson syndromeBloom syndromeXeroderma pigmentosaWerner's syndromeFanconi's anemia


Breast cancer?

DefinitionBreast cancer is a cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast.There are two main types of breast cancer:Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts) that move milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type.Lobular carcinoma starts in parts of the breast, called lobules, that produce milk.In rare cases, breast cancer can start in other areas of the breast.Breast cancer may be invasive or noninvasive. Invasive means it has spread to other tissues. Noninvasive means it has not yet spread. Noninvasive breast cancer is referred to as "in situ."Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), or intraductal carcinoma, is breast cancer in the lining of the milk ducts that has not yet invaded nearby tissues. It may progress to invasive cancer if untreated.Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a marker for an increased risk of invasive cancer in the same or both breasts.Many breast cancers are sensitive to the hormone estrogen. This means that estrogen causes the breast cancer tumor to grow. Such cancers have estrogen receptors on the surface of their cells. They are called estrogen receptor-positive cancer or ER-positive cancer.Some women have what's called HER2-positive breast cancer. HER2 refers to a gene that helps cells grow, divide, and repair themselves. When cells have too many copies of this gene, cells -- including cancer cells -- grow faster. Experts think that women with HER2-positive breast cancer have a more aggressive disease and a higher risk of recurrence than those who do not have this type.Alternative NamesCancer - breast; Carcinoma - ductal; Carcinoma - lobular; DCIS; LCIS; HER2-positive breast cancer; ER-positive breast cancer; Ductal carcinoma in situ; Lobular carcinoma in situCauses, incidence, and risk factorsOver the course of a lifetime, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer.Risk factors you cannot change include:Age and gender -- Your risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. The majority of advanced breast cancer cases are found in women over age 50. Women are 100 times more likely to get breast cancer than men.Family history of breast cancer -- You may also have a higher risk for breast cancer if you have a close relative who has had breast, uterine, ovarian, or colon cancer. About 20 - 30% of women with breast cancer have a family history of the disease.Genes -- Some people have genes that make them more prone to developing breast cancer. The most common gene defects are found in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. These genes normally produce proteins that protect you from cancer. But if a parent passes you a defective gene, you have an increased risk for breast cancer. Women with one of these defects have up to an 80% chance of getting breast cancer sometime during their life.Menstrual cycle -- Women who get their periods early (before age 12) or went through menopause late (after age 55) have an increased risk for breast cancer.Other risk factors include:Alcohol use -- Drinking more than 1 - 2 glasses of alcohol a day may increase your risk for breast cancer.Childbirth -- Women who have never had children or who had them only after age 30 have an increased risk for breast cancer. Being pregnant more than once or becoming pregnant at an early age reduces your risk of breast cancer.DES -- Women who took diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent miscarriage may have an increased risk of breast cancer after age 40. This drug was given to the women in the 1940s - 1960s.Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) -- You have a higher risk for breast cancer if you have received hormone replacement therapy for several years or more. Many women take HRT to reduce the symptoms of menopause.Obesity -- Obesity has been linked to breast cancer, although this link is controversial. The theory is that obese women produce more estrogen, which can fuel the development of breast cancer.Radiation -- If you received radiation therapy as a child or young adult to treat cancer of the chest area, you have a significantly higher risk for developing breast cancer. The younger you started such radiation and the higher the dose, the higher your risk -- especially if the radiation was given when a female was developing breasts.Breast implants, using antiperspirants, and wearing underwire bras do not raise your risk for breast cancer. There is no evidence of a direct link between breast cancer and pesticides.The National Cancer Institute provides an online tool to help you figure out your risk of breast cancer. See: www.cancer.gov/bcrisktoolSymptomsEarly breast cancer usually does not cause symptoms. This is why regular breast exams are important. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include:Breast lump or lump in the armpit that is hard, has uneven edges, and usually does not hurtChange in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple -- for example, you may have redness, dimpling, or puckering that looks like the skin of an orangeFluid coming from the nipple -- may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, and look like pusMen get breast cancer, too. Symptoms include breast lump and breast pain and tenderness.Symptoms of advanced breast cancer may include:Bone painBreast pain or discomfortSkin ulcersSwelling of one arm (next to breast with cancer)Weight lossSigns and testsThe doctor will ask you about your symptoms and risk factors, and then perform a physical exam, which includes both breasts, armpits, and the neck and chest area. Additional tests may include:Mammography to help identify the breast lumpBreast MRI to help better identify the breast lumpBreast ultrasound to show whether the lump is solid or fluid-filledBreast biopsy, needle aspiration, or breast lump removal to remove all or part of the breast lump for closer examination by a laboratory specialistCT scanSentinal lymph node biopsyPET scanIf your doctor learns that you do have breast cancer, additional tests will be done to see if the cancer has spread. This is called staging. Staging helps guide future treatment and follow-up and gives you some idea of what to expect in the future.Breast cancer stages range from 0 to IV. The higher the staging number, the more advanced the cancer.TreatmentTreatment is based on many factors, including type and stage of the cancer, whether the cancer is sensitive to certain hormones, and whether or not the cancer overproduces (overexpresses) a gene called HER2/neu.In general, cancer treatments may include:Chemotherapymedicines to kill cancer cellsRadiation therapy to destroy cancerous tissueSurgery to remove cancerous tissue -- a lumpectomy removes the breast lump; mastectomy removes all or part of the breast and possible nearby structuresHormonal therapy is prescribed to women with ER-positive breast cancer to block certain hormones that fuel cancer growth.An example of hormonal therapy is the drug tamoxifen. This drug blocks the effects of estrogen, which can help breast cancer cells survive and grow. Most women with estrogen-sensitive breast cancer benefit from this drug.Another class of medicines called aromatase inhibitors, such as exemestane (Aromasin), have been shown to work just as well or even better than tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with breast cancer.Targeted therapy, also called biologic therapy, is a newer type of cancer treatment. This therapy uses special anticancer drugs that target certain changes in a cell that can lead to cancer. One such drug is trastuzumab (Herceptin). It may be used for women with HER2-positive breast cancer.Cancer treatment may be local or systemic.Local treatments involve only the area of disease. Radiation and surgery are forms of local treatment.Systemic treatments affect the entire body. Chemotherapy is a type of systemic treatment.Most women receive a combination of treatments. For women with stage I, II, or III breast cancer, the main goal is to treat the cancer and prevent it from returning. For women with stage IV cancer, the goal is to improve symptoms and help them live longer. In most cases, stage IV breast cancer cannot be cured.Stage 0 and DCIS -- Lumpectomy plus radiation or mastectomy is the standard treatment. There is some controversy on how best to treat DCIS.Stage I and II -- Lumpectomy plus radiation or mastectomy with some sort of lymph node removal is standard treatment. Hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and biologic therapy may also be recommended following surgery.Stage III -- Treatment involves surgery possibly followed by chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and biologic therapy.Stage IV -- Treatment may involve surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or a combination of such treatments.After treatment, some women will continue to take medications such as tamoxifen for a period of time. All women will continue to have blood tests, mammograms, and other tests following treatment.Women who have had a mastectomy may have reconstructive breast surgery, either at the same time as the mastectomy or later.Support GroupsTalking about your disease and treatment with others who share common experiences and problems can be helpful. See: Cancer support groupExpectations (prognosis)New, improved treatments are helping persons with breast cancer live longer than ever before. However, even with treatment, breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes, cancer returns even after the entire tumor is removed and nearby lymph nodes are found to be cancer-free.How well you do after being treated for breast cancer depends on many things. The more advanced your cancer, the poorer the outcome. Other factors used to determine the risk for recurrence and the likelihood of successful treatment include:Location of the tumor and how far it has spreadWhether the tumor is hormone receptor-positive or -negativeTumor markers, such as HER2Gene expressionTumor size and shapeRate of cell division or how quickly the tumor is growingAfter considering all of the above, your doctor can discuss your risk of having a recurrence of breast cancer.ComplicationsYou may experience side effects or complications from cancer treatment. For example, radiation therapy may cause temporary swelling of the breast (lymphedema), and aches and pains around the area.Lymphedema may start 6 to 8 weeks after surgery or after radiation treatment for cancer.It can also start very slowly after your cancer treatment is over. You may not notice symptoms until 18 to 24 months after treatment. Sometimes it can take years to develop.Ask your doctor about the side effects you may have during treatment.Calling your health care providerContact your health care provider for an appointment if:You have a breast or armpit lumpYou have nipple dischargeAlso call your health care provider if you develop symptoms after being treated for breast cancer, such as:Nipple dischargeRash on the breastNew lumps in the breastSwelling in the areaPain, especially chest pain, abdominal pain, or bone painPreventionMany risk factors -- such as your genes and family history -- cannot be controlled. However, a healthy diet and a few lifestyle changes may reduce your overall chance of cancer in general.Breast cancer is more easily treated and often curable if it is found early.Early detection involves:Breast self-exams (BSE)Clinical breast exams by a medical professionalScreening mammographyMost experts recommend that women age 20 and older examine their breasts once a month during the week following the menstrual period.Women between the ages 20 and 39 should have a doctor examine their breasts at least once every 3 years.After age 40:Women 40 and older should have a mammogram every 1 - 2 years, depending on their risk factors. Women should call their doctor immediately if they notice in change in their breasts whether or not they do routine breast self-exams.Women 40 and older should have a complete breast exam by a health care provider every year.Mammography is the most effective way of detecting breast cancer early.Certain women at high risk for breast cancer may have a breast MRI along with their yearly mammogram. Ask your doctor if you need an MRI.Screening for breast cancer is a topic filled with controversy. A woman needs to have an informed and balanced discussion with her doctor, along with doing additional reading and researching on her own, to determine if mammography is right for her.Tamoxifen is approved for breast cancer prevention in women aged 35 and older who are at high risk.Women at very high risk for breast cancer may consider preventive (prophylactic) mastectomy, which is the surgical removal of the breasts. Possible candidates for this procedure may include those who have already had one breast removed due to cancer, women with a strong family history of breast cancer, and persons with genes or genetic mutations that raise their risk of breast cancer.ReferencesCarlson RW, Allred DC, Anderson BO, Burstein HJ, Carter WB, Edge SB, et al. Breast cancer. Clinical practice guidelines in oncology. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2009 Feb;7(2):122-92.Chlebowski RT, Kuller LH, Prentice RL, Stefanick ML, Manson JE, Gass M, et al. Breast cancer after use of estrogen plus progestin in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 5;360(6):573-87.Hayes DF. Clinical practice. Follow-up of patients with early breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2007;356(24): 2505-13.


What could large masses be along the spine and throughout whole body that are at times extremely painful?

Metastatic carcinoma (cancer).