A foul does not have to be near the ball. A foul must occur (1) by a player, (2) on the field of play, (3) against an opponent, and (4) while the ball is in play.
If the foul you describe is by a defender, against an attacker, in the defender's penalty area then play is stopped and a penalty kick awarded. Depending on the severity, it could also be misconduct.
It is legal for a teammate to kick the ball to their own goal keeper. The goalkeeper would not be allowed to use their hands. If they do so, then it would be an indirect free kick for the opponents at the location the goalkeeper touched the ball.
A penalty kick would not be awarded.
The line defining the penalty area is considered part of the penalty area.
If it was a defender fouling an attacker, then a penalty kick is awarded.
A defensive foul in the penalty area results in a penalty kick restart.
It can be, but does not have to be, misconduct with a caution or a send off.
A penalty kick is awarded if the deliberate handling was by a defender in their own penalty area. A direct free kick is awarded if it was by an attacker.
A goal keeper may never use their hands outside of their own penalty area. A goal keeper may not use their hands, even in their penalty area, when a team-mate deliberately plays the ball to them with their feet. A goal keeper may not use their hands, even in their penalty area, when a team-mate directly throws the ball to them on a throw-in.
If their team mate passed the ball deliberately, with their feet, and the goal keeper then touches it with their hands within their own penalty area, then an indirect free kick is awarded to the opponents at the place where the goal keeper handled it.
Not always. A goal keeper may not touch a ball with their hands if it was directly kicked or thrown-in to them by a team-mate.
The goal keeper may touch the ball with his hands and arms in his team's penalty area.
A goal keeper is allowed to touch the ball with their hands when the ball is inside their own penalty area. If a goal keeper does so outside of the area, then a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team.
I'm going to assume that you are asking about a ball that is deliberately kicked back to the goalkeeper by a teammate, then picked up. If the keeper touches the ball with his hands outside of the penalty area (the "18"), the offense is handling and the other team is awarded a direct kick from the spot where the keeper first touched the ball with his hands. If the keeper touches the ball with his hands inside the penalty area but outside the goal area (the "6"), the offense is goalkeeper handling and the other team is awarded an indirect kick from the spot where the keeper first touched the ball with his hands. If the keeper touches the ball with his hands inside the goal area, the other team is awarded an indirect free kick from the spot on the goal area line nearest where the ball was first touched by the keeper.
A defender committing an indirect free kick offense would do it.Indirect free kicks are not promoted to penalty kicks when inside the penalty area.There are 8 offenses that can result in an indirect free kick:goal keeper controls the ball with his hands for more than six seconds before releasing it from his possessiongoal keeper touches the ball again with his hands after he has released it from his possession and before it has touched another playergoal keeper touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mategoal keeper touches the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a throw-in taken by a team-mateplays in a dangerous mannerimpedes the progress of an opponentprevents the goal keeper from releasing the ball from his handscommits any other offense for which play is stopped to caution or send off a player
No. Only in the penalty area may the goal keeper handle the ball.
As long as the ball is inside their penalty area a goal keeper may handle the ball. The position of the ball is important. The position of the goal keeper is not.
Yes. The goalkeeper may leave the penalty area at any time during play, but cannot touch the ball with his hands while outside of the area.
If a defender passes the ball with his feet to the goal keeper, the goal keeper may not touch the ball with their hands.
No. The goal keeper may only touch the ball with their hands in their own penalty area.