A foul does not have to be near the ball. A foul must occur (1) by a player, (2) on the field of play, (3) against an opponent, and (4) while the ball is in play.
If the foul you describe is by a defender, against an attacker, in the defender's penalty area then play is stopped and a penalty kick awarded. Depending on the severity, it could also be misconduct.
No. Only in the penalty area may the goal keeper handle the ball.
A goal keeper may never use their hands outside of their own penalty area. A goal keeper may not use their hands, even in their penalty area, when a team-mate deliberately plays the ball to them with their feet. A goal keeper may not use their hands, even in their penalty area, when a team-mate directly throws the ball to them on a throw-in.
Yes. The goal keeper can touch the ball with their hands when inside their own penalty area.
The goal keeper may touch the ball with his hands and arms in his team's penalty area.
Not with their hands. A goal keeper may only use his hands inside of his own penalty area.
If their team mate passed the ball deliberately, with their feet, and the goal keeper then touches it with their hands within their own penalty area, then an indirect free kick is awarded to the opponents at the place where the goal keeper handled it.
The semi circle describe is called the penalty arc and it is not considered part of the penalty area. A goal keeper may not touch the ball with their hands inside the penalty arc.
No. The goal keeper may only touch the ball with their hands in their own penalty area.
You may deliberately handle the ball if you are a goal keeper in their own penalty area or to restart the match if the ball goes out of play.
Although a goalkeeper is counted as a player on the field, special accommodations are given to him/her, including:A goal keeper is entitled to play of the ball as any other player may (inncluding penalty kicks and throw-ins), with additional privileges and restrictionsA goal keeper may use his/her hands to handle the ball within the confines of the penalty area (large painted box in his/her half of the field)A goal keeper may use his/her hands to throw, roll, or punt the ball, as long as the ball is not handled outside the penalty area (the goal keeper may also kick the ball outside the penalty area as long as it is released from his/her hands before their hands extend over the penalty box boundary)A goal keeper may NOT use his/her hands to handle the ball when the ball is deliberately played to the goal keeper by a team mateA goal keeper may put the ball into play after the opposing team kicks the ball over the goal line (outside the confines of the goal posts)During penalty kicks, the goal keeper must have both feet on or behind the goal line until the ball is played, at which point they may move forward
Not always. A goal keeper may not touch a ball with their hands if it was directly kicked or thrown-in to them by a team-mate.
A goal keeper is allowed to touch the ball with their hands when the ball is inside their own penalty area. If a goal keeper does so outside of the area, then a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team.