The Golfer receives the prize after the tournament ends.
Doesn't get a bean. Amateurs do not get any prize money.
A professional Golfer is a very good golfer that does not follow the USGA and R&A Rules of Amateur Status. Basically, that is a golfer that accepts prize money at tournaments(ie Tiger Woods).
Amateur status is defined by the USGA and R and A as simply not a professional golfer. The maximum amount of money an amateur can win is £250 / $500. If an amateur accepts a prize of greater than this they are deemed to have broken the rules of amateur status and therefore become a professional golfer.
Under the rules of the USGA an amateur golfer must not accept a prize with a retail value of more than $750 dollars. Under the rules of the R&A an amateur golfer must not accept a prize with a retail value of more than £500.
amateurs can only receive $750 cash as a prize, and typically this is given in the form of an in-kind prize, something worth $750, or pro-shop credit for that amount. any left over money would then be allocated however the tournament committee decides.
If you enter the tournament as an Amateur than you will not collect any prize money if you make the cut. You will need to enter the tournament as a professional if you want to get paid.
The proffesional player who finishes 2nd wins the top prize.
Under the rules of golf and amateur status of the R and A, the maximum an amateur can win is £250. Under the rules of golf and amateur status of the USGA the maximum an amateur can win is $500. If an amateur accepts a prize of greater than this they forfeit their amateur status, and are therefore by definition a professional golfer.
The tournament committee decides what percentage of the total purse each position will get. A tie for second will each get half of the prize money for 2nd and 3rd place.
Amateur status is where a Golfer is not a professional Golfer. On the nationwide tour it would be considered as the player can win the event and trophy and the exemptions that go with it but they cannot take the prize money, as this is against the rules of amateur status. As the Nationwide tour is a professional tour there are no amateur members but some amateurs get asked to play the events in sponsors exemptions.