Not legally. No player is allowed in the penalty area whilst a goal kick is being taken other than the player taking the goal kick (usually the goalkeeper). If anotehr outfield player takes the goal kick then the goalkeeper can be in the penalty area. No player is allowed the touch the ball after the kick is taken until it leaves the penalty area.
A penalty kick is taken from the Penalty Mark, a painted disc 12 yards from the goal line and equidistant from the goal posts. The ball is considered to be legally placed if any part of it is on or over any part of the penalty mark.
All opponents must be outside of the penalty area when the goal kick is taken. No player may touch the ball again until it has left the penalty area or the goal kick is retaken.
A retake is taken if...a defender infringes during the kick and a goal was not scoredan attacker infringes during the kick and a goal was scored
An indirect free kick may be awarded in the penalty area. It is not promoted to a penalty kick. If it is in the goal area, the kick location must be moved away from the goal line to the top of the goal area (6 yards out).
A goal kick that goes directly into the kicker's own goal is retaken. A goal kick is not properly taken until it leaves the penalty area.
A penalty kick is a type of free kick in association football, taken from twelve yards(approximately eleven metres) out from goal and with only the goalkeeper of the defending team between the penalty taker and the goal. A penalty kick is performed during normal play. Similar kicks are made in a penalty shootout to determine who progresses after a tied match; though similar in procedure these are not penalty kicks and are governed by different rules. A penalty kick is a direct free kick, which means that he can score a goal without another person having to touch the ball first. You cannot score a goal straight from an indirect free kick
You cannot score an own-goal directly from an indirect free kick or even a direct free kick. If the kick was taken from inside the kicker's penalty area and did not exit the penalty area before exiting the field, then the restart would be a rekick. If the kick was taken from outside kicker's penalty area or left the penalty area before exiting the field, then the restart would be a corner kick for the attacking team
a disadvantage or handicap imposed on a player or team, typically for infringement of rules.Football:A penalty kick (or penalty) is a type of free kick in association football, taken from twelve yards (approximately eleven metres) out from goal and with only the goalkeeper of the defending team between the penalty taker and the goal.
A goal kick is a direct free-kick awarded to the defending team. It is awarded when a player from the attacking team causes the ball to cross the goal line and a goal is not awarded (for example, because the ball went wide of the goal, or a the ball crossed to goal line as a result of an indirect free-kick). A goal-kick is taken by the goalkeeper or any defending player placing the ball in his own goal area (six yard box) and hoofing the ball upfield. Technically a hoof is not compulsory, but the fast majority of goal-kicks are hoofed upfield. All members of the attacking team must leave the penalty area until the ball has left the penalty area following a goal kick. The ball must leave the penalty directly from the kick. If the kicker fails to kick the ball outside the penalty area, the kick is retaken. A goal can be scored from a goal kick, because a goal can be scored from a direct free-kick. An own-goal cannot be scored from a goal kick, because an own-goal cannot be scored from a direct free-kick. A goal kick is called a goal kick because it is taken from the goal area (six yard box). A player cannot be offside from a goal kick.
Free kick distance is entirely dependent on where the foul occurs on the pitch. However, the penalty kick is taken from the penalty mark, which is a spot 12 yards (11 m) from the goal.
You can score a goal directly from a goal kick but only against the opponents. If you kick it into your own goal... ...and it did not leave the penalty area first, then the goal kick is rekicked. ...and it did leave the penalty area first, then play is restarted with a corner kick for the opponents. There can be no offside offense directly from a goal kick.