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Vital capacity is the amount of oxygen which can be inspired by the lungs to fuel the body with oxygen. It is affected by long term exercise because as the body is worked during a physical activity there is a high demand for oxygen, this is why breathing deepens when exercising. Over time the lungs increase in size to allow more oxygen in to the body so that there is more oxygen to provide the muscles with energy so that they can cope with the demand.

Also the catergry for this question should be respiroty system and not skeletal :)

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Q: How does long term exercise effect vital capacity?
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How might an athlete's vital capacity compare to a non-athlete?

The vital capacity of an athlete is higher than a non-athlete because they are trained to do hard work. Their lungs get bigger over time and make it easier for them to take long breaths when they are running or doing any other exercise.

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